ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIALS OF CRYSTALLINE BASEMENT COMPLEX AQUIFERS USING HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES IN THE USSA AREA OF TARABA STATE, NORTH-EAST NIGERIA
Hydrogeological parameters in part of the crystalline Basement Complex rock terrain were characterized using pumping test data. The goal of this research was to determine the aquifer characteristics and groundwater potentials in the area. A total of fifteen (15) wells were used during the investigation. Borehole depths in the studied area range from 40.00 to 45.00 meters. The yield varies from 0.68 l/s to 1.11 l/s. In general, which signify that the yields from wells were low to moderate. Transmissivity (T) ranges from 0.57 to 1.96, with 90 percent of the aquifers having transmissivity between 1.00 and 1.96m2/d and only 10percent of having transmissivity below 1m2/d. data. Transmissivity varies from low to moderate. Borehole-specific capacity ranged from 4.36 to 346 m/day. This cannot sustain a population of 121,500 people based on recommending a basic water requirement of twenty (25) litres per person per day to meet the most basic human needs. When you consider the 121,500 people that rely on these boreholes for their water, it's evident that the aquifers of the borehole have very limited production potential. The area will face a future water crisis if the population continues to expand. Around 196,553 people are expected to live there in near future according National Population Commission (NPC). This is a clear pointer that the area will face portable water crisis except government and other stakeholders involve takes drastic measures.
Adamu, A., and Sununusi, H. (2020). Subsurface Investigation within Quaternary Alluvium Formation Using Electrical resistivity imaging in Birnin Kebbi, NW, Nigeria. J. Geol. Geophy. 10.493, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 158-166.
Adamu, A. (2019a). Electrical resistivity mapping of Aquiferous zones within Gudi-Takalau area of Birnin Kebbi metropolis. ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology, AJET, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 133-142.
Adamu, A., Fahad, A., Ologe, O., Sagagi, Y.M., and Shamsudeen, A. (2019b). Electrical resistivity Investigation of Kaolinitic and Laterite deposits within Birnin Kebbi and Environs, NW, Nigeria. Savannah Journal of Pure & Appl. Sci., www.sjbas.com, ISSN: 2093 - 2335, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 160-168.
Adelana, S.M. A and MacDonald, A.M. (2008). Groundwater research issues in Africa. In: Adelana, S.M.A. & MacDonald, A.M. (eds) Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa. IAH Selected papers on hydrogeology. 13 CRC Press Balkema, Leiden, the Netherlands.
Achyara, G. (2004). The role of economic analysis in groundwater management in semi-arid regions the case of Nigeria. Hydrogeology Journal, 12, 33-39.
Arora, , K. R. (2002). Irrigation, Water Power and Water Resources Engineering. A. K. Jain Publishers,Nai Sarak Delhi.
Bayowa O.G., Olorunfemi M.O., Akinluyi F.O., and Ademilua O.L. (2014). Integration of hydrogeophysical and remote sensing data in the Assessment of groundwater potential of the basement complex Terrain of ekiti state, southwestern nigeria. Ife Journal of Science vol. 16, no. 3 pp 353-363
Babatola, J. O. (1997). Rural Water Supply: Issues, Problems, and Prospects.Water Resources Journal of NAH, 8 (1), 19-25.
Carter, J.D., Barber W, Tait EA (1963). ''The geology of parts of Adamawa, Bauchi and Bornu Provinces in Northeastern Nigeria''. Bull. No. 30, Geol. Surv. of Nigeria, 108.
Carruthers, A.M. and Smith, I.F. (1992). The use of ground Electrical Methods for siting Water Supply boreholes in shallow Crystalline Basement Terrains. In: Wright, E.P and Burgess, W.G. (eds.), The hydrogeology of crystalline Basement Aquifers in Africa. Special Publication 66, Geological Society London. pp. 183-230.
Chow, V.T., Maidment, D.R. and Mays, L.W. (1980). Applied Hydrology. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA.
Custodio, E. (1992). Hydrological and Hydrochemical Aspects of Aquifer Overexploitation. Selected Papers on Aquifer Overexploitation; The International Association of Hydrogeologists: Hannover, Germany,; Volume 3, pp. 3â€“28.
Du Preez J.W, Barber W (1965). â€˜â€˜The Distribution and Chemical quality of groundwater in Northern Nigeriaâ€™â€™. Bull. 36. Geological Survey of Nigeria, 93.
Elenna,O.A, Nnaemeka, M. C and Chukwudi, E. C(2018).Assessment of Aquifer Characteristics and Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones in Afikpo-North Local Government Area, Southeastern Nigeria. Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ), Volume VI, Issue V pp 14-21.
Esteller, M.V.; Diaz-Delgado, C (2002). Environmental effects of aquifer overexploitation: A case study in the highlands of Mexico. Environ. Manag, 29, 266â€“278.
Foster, S.S.D., Tuinhof A, & Garduno, H. (2008), Groundwater in Subsahara Africa â€“ A Strategic Overview of development issues. In Adelana, S.M.A. & MacDonald, A.M. (eds) Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa. IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology. 13, CRC Press/Balkenia, Leiden, the Netherlands.
Geological Survey Agency of Nigeria (2014): The Geological survey agency of Nigeria, Federal Ministry of Mines and power.
Gleick, P.H (2000).The Biennal Report on Freshwater Resources; Island Press: Washington, DC, USA.
Grant, N.K. (1971). â€˜â€˜A compilation of radiometric age from Nigeriaâ€™â€™.J. Mining Geol., 6:37-54.Nigeria, Federal Ministry of Mines and power.
Jeje, L.K. (1978). ''Aspects of Geomorphology of Nigeria''.InOguntoyinbo, J.A.S. Macleod WN, Turner DC, Wright EP (1971). The Geology of the Jos Plateau, Geol. Surv. Nigeria, Bull. No. 32, 18.
MacDonald, A.M., Cobbing, J. & Davies J. (2005). Developing Groundwater for rural development supply in Nigeria. British Geological Survey Commissioned Report CR/05/219N.
Macleod, W.N., Turner, D.C., Wright, E.P. (1971). The Geology of the Jos Plateau, Geol. Surv. Nigeria, Bull. No. 32, 18.
McCurry. P (1976). ''A Generalized review of the Geology of the Precambrian to Lower Paleozoic Rocks, Northern Nigeria'': In Kobe CA. (ed), Geology of Nigeria. Elizabethan Press, Lagos, 13-38.
Mussa, K.R, Mjemah,I.C and Walraevens,K. (2019). Quantification of Groundwater Exploitation and Assessment of Water Quality Risk Perception in the Dar Es Salaam Quaternary Aquifer, Tanzania. Water 2019, 11(12), pp2552.
National Population Commission, NPC, (2014)
National Map Downloader (2022)
Obaje N.G. (2009). The Basement Complex. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of Nigeria. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, vol 120. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Ogezi E. A (2002). â€˜â€˜Geologyâ€™â€™In Africa Atlases, Nigeria.Les Editions J.A., Paris, France, pp 60-61.
Offodile, M.E. (2014). Hydrogeology: Groundwater Study and Development in Nigeria. Mecon Geology and EngineeringServices Ltd, Jos, Nigeria.
Olorunfemi, M. O. (2008). Voyage on the skin of the Earth: A Geophysical Experience. An Inaugural Lecture delivered at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife,th Nigeria, Tuesday, 11 March,,Inaugural Lecture series 211, ObafemiAwolowo University Press Ltd; Ile- Ife.Nigeria. pp. 1-2.
Oruonye E .D. and Abbas B. (2011). The Geography of Taraba State, Nigeria. LAP Publishing Company, Germany.
Srinivasa, R.Y., Reddy, T.V.K. and Nayudu, P.T. (2000). Groundwater targeting in a hard rock-terrian using fracture pattern modeling, Niva River Basin, Andr. Pradesh, India. Hydrogeology Journal, 8 (5) 494-502.
Turner, D.C. (1964). Notes on Fieldwork on the basement rocks of1:250,000 sheets 7 & 8. Geol. Surv. Of Nig. Report.No. 5503.
Uliana, M.M.(2005). Ground Water Hydrology. Wiley online dictionary.
Vincent, W.U., Jaclyn A.B., William, W.D., Dennis, B.W. and Christopher C.S. (2009). Groundwater Development: Basic Concepts for Expanding CRS Water Programs. Catholic Relief Services, Baltimore, United States.Online. Available at:www.crsprogramquality. org.
Wright, E. P., and Burgess, W. G. (eds). (1992). Hydrogeology of Crystalline Basement Aquifers in Africa Geological SocietySpecial Publication No 66, pp 1-27.
Copyright (c) 2022 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences