SURVEY OF MOSQUITO SPECIES, COMPOSITION AND BREEDING HABITATS IN FOUR COMMUNITIES OF KADUNA METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

  • H. C. Yayock
  • Nicholas Osazuyi Osagiede ABU, Zaria
  • S. Bitrus
  • H. S. Gimba
  • R. Shehu
Keywords: Kaduna Metropolis, Culex quinquefasciatus.

Abstract

 A survey on the species composition and breeding habitats of mosquitoes was conducted in four communities of Kaduna metropolis (Nariya, Tudun Wada, Kabala Doki and Sabon Tasha) through intensive bi-weekly sampling collection of larvae for a period of three months. All the randomly selected sampling points were categorized into three habitat types; Domestic Container (DC), Temporary Ground Pool (TGP) and Man-made Reservoir (MMR). All 3rd and 4th instar larvae were harvested and identified using taxonomic keys by Gillies and Coetzee. A total of 6,803 larvae samples were encountered and identified across the four communities. There were thirteen species which fall within the three common genera comprised of Culex species (94.19%), Aedes species (4.8%) and Anopheles (0.10%). Of the thirteen species identified, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823 (72.8%) was significantly high (p<0.05), then Culex toroensis Edwards(12.05%) and Aedes aegypti Linnaeus (4.8%). Temporary ground pool (61.7%) harbored more mosquito larvae; however there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in distribution of mosquitoes among the three habitat types sampled; The study identified medically important mosquito species in the four communities and recommends integrated control measures for these vectors especially in line with National Malaria Control strategy 2016 - 2030 for global reduction of malaria disease

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Published
2021-11-02
How to Cite
Yayock, H. C., Osagiede, N. O., Bitrus, S., Gimba, H. S., & Shehu, R. (2021). SURVEY OF MOSQUITO SPECIES, COMPOSITION AND BREEDING HABITATS IN FOUR COMMUNITIES OF KADUNA METROPOLIS, NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 5(3), 122 - 129. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2021-0503-697