THERMO-PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF BEESWAX
This study presents an investigation conducted on thermo-physical properties of beeswax. Bees wax has been identified with the potentials of being used in thermal storage application, its properties were said to differ according to nesting ecology. This research investigated the thermo-physical properties of three samples of beeswax from different nesting ecology using METTLER TELODO STARe SW13.00 version differential scanning calorimetry, thermo-gravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis. The results showed that, the melting points of sample A, B and C are 60oC, 60.01oC and 64.94oC respectively. Thermal conductivities of the samples are 3.45 W/moK, 6.69 W/moK and 1.8W/moK, latent heat of fusion of 133.32 J/g, 200.01 J/g and 66.93J/g for sample A, B and C. Hence, from the results obtained, beeswax can be used in low temperature thermal storage applications
Bogdanov, S. (2009). Beeswaxâ€¯: Production, Properties, Composition and Control.In: Chapter 2 Beeswaxâ€¯Book. (September 2009), 1â€“17. https://doi.org/Switzerland.
Breed M. D., Buchwald, R., & Greenberg A. R. (2016). The Thermal Properties of Beeswaxesâ€¯: Unexpected Findings. The Journal of Experimental Biology 211:121-127. The Company of Biologists 2008.Retreived from https://doi.10.1242/jeb.007583
Dinker, A., Agarwal, M. and Agarwal, G. D. (2017b). ScienceDirect Experimental Study on Thermal Performance of Beeswax as Thermal Storage Material. Materials Today: Proceedings, 4(9), 10529â€“10533. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.06.414
Food and Agricultural Organization (2010). Production and trade of beeswax. Chapter 10. pg103â€“111.ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/012/i0842e12.pdf, accessed 24th October, 2017
Masae, M., Pitsuwan P., Sikong, L., Kooptarnond K., Kongsong, P. and Phoempoon, P. (2014). Thermo- physical characterization of paraffin and beeswax on cotton fabric. Thammasat International Journal of Science and Technology Vol.19, No.4, October-December 2014
Ramnanan-singh, R. (2012). Formulation & Thermophysical Analysis of a Beeswax Microemulsion & the Experimental Calculation of its Heat Transfer Coefficient by. Masters Thesis. City University of New York, USA.
Ruguo, Z., Hua, Z., Hong, Z., Ying, F. and Kun, L. (2011). Thermal Analysis of Four Insect Waxes based on Differential Scanning Calorimetry ( DSC ). Procedia Engineering 18:101â€“106. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.016
Saeed, R. Muhammed. R. (2016). Thermal Characterization of Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage. Masters Thesis. Paper 7521.Missouri University of Science and Technology, USA. Retreived from http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/masters_theses
Sharma, A., Tyagi, V. V, Chen, C. R. and Buddhi, D. (2009). Review on Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials and Applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13 (2009) pg318â€“345. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2007.10.005
Wi, S., Jeong, S., Chang, S. J., Lee, J. and Kim, S. (2017). Performance Evaluation of Macro-Packed Fatty Acid Ester Composites using Energy Efficient Thermal Storage Systems. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 55:215â€“223. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2017.06.052
Yang, W., Sokhansanj, J., Tang, Winter, P. (2002). Determination of Thermal Conductivity, Speciï¬c Heat and Thermal Diï¬€usivity of Borage Seeds.
Biosystems Engineering (2002) 82(2), 169â€“176 doi:10.1006/bioe.2002.0066, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com
Zhao, D., Qian, X., Gu, X., Jajja, S. A., Yang, R. (2016). Measurement Techniques for Thermal Conductivity and Interfacial Thermal Conductance of Bulk and Thin Film Materials. Journal of Electronic Packaging. 138: 1-19
FUDMA Journal of Sciences