LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE INVESTIGATION AROUND IKOGOSI WARM SPRING NIGERIA USING LANDSAT8 DATA

  • Y. A. Bello
  • K. M. Lawal
  • B. B. M. Dewu
  • A. E. Ikpokonte
Keywords: Ikogosi warm spring, Land surface temperature, Emissivity, and heat source

Abstract

Ikogosi warm spring (IWS) is among the most visited geothermal resource by tourists in Nigeria. On that basis, it has attracted so much attention from researchers using various geophysical methods, except the retrieval of the land surface temperature (LST) from remote sensing data. This work aimed at computing LST to delineate hot zone around Ikogosi geothermal resources. The split-window approach was used to compute the LST from Landsat 8 data. The interpretation of Landsat8 data revealed that the central region of the study area is of high LST, and the temperature then drops towards the southwest direction. The result also shows that the warm spring is situated around a region with high land surface temperature (about 29 °C) which is an indication of a geothermal reservoir. The supervised classification of the LST yields two zones of the high density of pixels with high temperature, hot spot zones. The hot spot zone west of IWS is believed to be the heat source of IWS as it has high LST, and it is closer to IWS while the hot spot zone NW of IWS shows an indication of a viable geothermal resource, high LST

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Published
2021-07-06
How to Cite
Bello, Y. A., Lawal, K. M., Dewu, B. B. M., & Ikpokonte, A. E. (2021). LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE INVESTIGATION AROUND IKOGOSI WARM SPRING NIGERIA USING LANDSAT8 DATA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 5(2), 264 - 272. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2021-0502-583