FETUSES LOSSES IN SMALL RUMINANTS: A CASE STUDY OF HADEJIA EMIRATE COUNCIL OF JIGAWA STATE.
A study was conducted to assess the extent of foetal losses from small ruminants and possible factors responsible for slaughtering female animals in semi-arid abattoirs of Hadejia and Malam-Madori, Jigawa State. The study was carried out using structured questionnaire administered to 160 respondents in the abattoirs for a period of three months (June-August, 2013). Specify the statistical tool you used to analyzed your results here. The results revealed that youths aged less than 25 (35.71%) and 36-45 (37.29%) years were the main source of labour in Hadejia and Malam-Madori.The respondents were mostly engaged in evisceration and skinning (75.71% and 82.86%) in the abattoirs. Majority (77.15% and 72.00%) of the respondents in both study areas were males, mostly (68.00% and 60.00%) married, few (12.00% and 9.33%) had tertiary education, while many (26.67% and 32.00%) had acquired secondary education. Small ruminant foetuses recovered from 6 to 10 per day were 65.71% and 52.85% which vary with season. It was concluded that there was a cause for concern on loss of fetuses especially among small ruminants. It is therefore suggested that awareness should be created among livestock rearers/farmers and butchers on the implication of slaughtering of pregnant animals and its consequence on the future of small ruminant’s population since increase in population of any livestock species is based on reproduction. Thus, legislation prohibiting indiscriminate slaughter of pregnant or inbred female animals should be enforced or enacted as this has far reaching negative impact on reproduction/production and revenue generation in
Abiola S. A. (1999). Evaluation of slaughter facilities, management and conditions for the production of wholesome meat in Nigeria. A case study of Afoajala modern slaughter house in Abo Mbaise L.G.A. of Imo State……
Ajala, M. K. (2004). Household Decision-Making in the production of small ruminants in Giwa L.G.A of Kaduna State. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Nigeria Society of Animal Production. Sokoto, Nigeria: 399-402.
Garba, H.S., Hassan, W.A and Akinbemi, B.T. (1992). Foetal wastage through slaughtering of pregnant cattle at Sokoto Abattoir. Journal of Tropical Veterinary Sciences 25 (3) pp 27-30
Hake L.A., J. K. Loosli, H.F. Hintz, and R.G. Warner (1997) Number of livestock reported inspected and slaughtered by states. In AnnualAbstracts of Statistics. 2001 edition 1995–1999. 376–80. Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Office of tatistics.
Katie S. Wekhe, S.N., and N.A. Berepubo. 1997. Prevalence and implication of pregnant ruminants in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Delta Ministry of Agriculture 1: 43–5.
Kudi, A., Alade, C., Bamgbose, S.M., Abubaka, A.M and Muhammad, S. (1996) Foetal losses resulting from the slaughter of pregnant cattle, sheep and goats in Bauchi Abattoir, Book of Abstract: 21st con, Nigerian Society for Animal Production (NSAP) 24th-28th march. 1996.
Kwali, S. A (2005). Studies on prospects and constraints to small scale Youghurt production in Bauchi state Nigeria. Proc . Proceeding 31st Annual. Conference Nigerian. Soceity of Animal. Production., (NSAP) 12th 15th march 2006. PP 122-125.
Muhammad, I.R. Muhammad B.F. and Fatima, B.F. (2005). Application of Appropriate Technology in Over Coming Environmental Barriers in Animal Agriculture in Nigeria. Proceeding 31st Annual. Conference Nigerian. Soceity of Animal. Production., pp 102-106
Muhammad, I.R. Ashiru, R.M and Abdullahi, A.Y. (2007). Implication of slaughter of pregnant Ewes and Does to future Stocks in the Semi-Arid Urban Abattoir. In Medwell Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6(6): 819-822.
Muhammad, B.F and Kwali, R. (2005): Studies on prospects and constraints to small scale Youghurt production in Bauchi state Nigeria. Proceeding 31st Annual. Conference Nigerian. Soceity of Animal. Production., (NSAP) 12th 15th march 2006. PP 122-125.
Muhammad, I.R. Muhammad B.F. and Fatima, B.F.(2006) Application of Appropriate Technology in Over Coming Environmental Barriers in Animal Agriculture in Nigeria Proceeding 31st Annual. Conference Nigerian. Society of Animal. Production. (NSAP) 12th 15th march 2006. PP 140-142.
Ndi, C., Tambi, N.E. and Agharih, N.W. (1995). Reducing calf wastage from the slaughter of pregnant cows in cameroun institute of animal research (IRZ). Journal of Tropical Veterinary Sciences 23(3) pp 127-131
Ogaike, F. A. (2011) Slaughter figures in Rivers State from 2003–2005. Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Sunusi, M., Abubakar, M. and Luka, B. (2006). Incidence of foetal wastage in small ruminant slaughtered at Bauchi and Jos Abattoirs. In:
Taiwo, B. B A, Aluko, F.A and Olufowobi, A.O. (2006). Reproductive Wastage in some urban abattoirs in Ogun state. In: Medwell Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5(5): 231-236
Wekhe, S. B. and Wekhe, S. N.. (1999). Incidence of reproductive Abnormalities among slaughter house animal in Port-harcourt Tropical journal of Animal science 1(2): 175-180Wekhe
S. B. Aniebo, A. O. , Wekhe, S. N. and Okoli, I. C.( 2002) Abattoir blood waste generation in Rivers State and its environmental implications in the Niger Delta Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, 91: 4, 619-625 DOI: 10.1080/02772240802343404 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02772240802343404
http://www.wikipedia: The free encyclopedia, 2010
Copyright (c) 2021 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences