• Nura Isyaku Bello Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil
  • Aminu Shehu
  • Ahmad S. Abubakar
  • Abdulkadir Bello
  • Mahmoud Z. Iman




Water vendors, domestic water supply, Unguwa Uku, Kano


Water vending is seen as a signing of a failure in piped-borne water supply systems, it still plays significant role in providing water especially to urban dwellers in many parts of developing countries, Nigeria inclusive. Therefore, this study examined water vendors participation in domestic water supply in Unguwa Uku, Tarauni LGA Kano state. The data used in this research collected from both primary and secondary sources. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics, where simple percentages and tables used. The data analysis revealed that 57.4% of the residents in the study area patronized the services of water vendors.     Patronage of vendor service dominated the frequency with 64.9% of respondent’s patronage of vended water. Seasonal variation in vended water supply patterns exist in the study area, with dry season account for the highest water demand and most supplies occurred during morning and evening hours. Based on the challenges bedevilled water-vending activities, the study recommends that vendors should be recognized as an integral part of the system as this may help in the design and implementation of more comprehensive policies that better serve poor end-users, by ensuring greater accessibility and affordability of water vendor’s service


Abdulkadir, B., Nura, I.B., Wawo, T.I., Ibrahim,K.A. (2019). Assessement of Water Supply Shortages in Zango, Rimin Kebe Area, Ungogo Local Government, Kano State. Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences. DUJOPAS 5 (2a): 23-30, 2019

Ahmad, T.M (2016). The roles of water vendors in water service delivery in developing countries: a case of Dala local government, Kano, Nigeria. Appl Water Sci (2017) 7:1191–1201. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com

Bello, N.I. and Tuna, F. (2014). Evaluation of Potable Water Demand and Supply in Kano State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Knowledge, Computing and Information Technology, 4(6), 35-46.

Bichi, M.H. and Amatobi, D.A. (2013). Assessment of the Quality of Water Supplied By Water Vendors to Households in Sabon-Gari Area of Kano, Northern Nigeria.International Journal Of Engineering And Science (IJES), Volume 2, Pages 09-17.

Collignon, B., and Vézina, M., (2000).Independant Water and Sanitation Providers in African Cities.Full report of a ten-country study, Water and Sanitation Program, Washington D.C., p. 64.

Hajarat, S., (2015). The Role of Water Vendors in Domestic Water Supply in Nassarawa Local Government Area of Kano state, Nigeria. MSc Thesis Submitted to the Department of Geography, ABU Zaria.

Ishaku, H. T., Peter, A. A., Hamman, A. and Dama, F. M. (2010). The Role of Private Water Venting in Nigeria Peri-Urban Informal Settlements: Implication for Policy Markers. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2(10), 1082-1087

Katko, T. S. (1991). Reselling and vending water, Journal of the American Water Works Association 83(6): 63–69.

Kjellén M., and McGranahan, G., (2006). Informal Water Vendors and the Urban Poor, IIED, Human Settlements Discussion Paper Series, Theme: water -3, p. 26.

Njiru, C. and Albu, M. (2004) Improving access to water through support to small water- providing enterprises, Small Enterprise Development 15(2): 30–36.

Nura, I.B., Ibrahim, K.A.,(2014). Water Supply Situations in Kano Metropolitant Prospect and Challenges. International Journal of Research in Earth and Environmental Sciences(IJREE), Vol. 1, No 4, Feb, 2014. ISSN 2311-2484, Pp. 25-32

Sheka. G.I., Godwin, B., Atiman, K. W., (2020). Assessment of Water Vending and Willingness to Pay for Improved Private Water Service within Kano Metropolis, Kano State-Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) Vol. IV, Issue I, Jan, 2020, ISSN 2454-6186

UNDP (2006). Human Development Report: Beyond scarcity: power, poverty and the global water crisis. United Nations Development Programme. New York: Palgrave Macmillan

Whittington, D., Lauria, D.T. and Mu, X., (1991). “A Study of Water Vending and Willingness to Pay for Water in Onitsha”, Nigeria, World Development, 19, pp. 179-198.

Wutich, A., Beresford, M. and Carvajal C,. (2016). Can Informal Water Vendors Deliver on the Promise of a Human Right to Water? Results from Cochabamba, Bolivia. A Journal of World Development. 79(1), 14-24.

Zaroff, B. and Okun, D. A. (1984). Water vending in developing countries, Aqua 5: 289–295.




How to Cite

Bello, N. I., Shehu, A., Abubakar, A. S., Bello, A., & Iman , M. Z. (2021). WATER VENDORS PARTICIPATION IN DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLY IN UNGUWA UKU, TARAUNI LOCAL GOVERNMENT, KANO STATE, NIGERIA . FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(4), 252 - 258. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-509