DETERMINATION OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF GULLY EROSION IN KURMIN-GWARI SETTLEMENT

Authors

  • Aliyu Hassan Ibrahim
  • Hassan Adamu Ibrahim
  • Ibrahim Bello Bashir
  • Suleiman Zubair Abdullahi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-506

Keywords:

Gully Erosion, Socio-Economic, Impacts, Settlement, Kurmin-Gwari

Abstract

Sustainable development is the positive socio-economic change that does not undermine the ecological and social systems upon which communities and social systems are dependent. Land provides services to humans and other life forms as well as providing raw materials in production process. Land provides waste assimilation services as well as other ecosystem functions. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of gully erosion on the residents of Kurmin Gwari settlement, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study intends to identify the percentage of the residents according to localities that have suffered socially and economically from gully incidents. It also intends to determine the relationship between adverse social and economic effects suffered by the affected people in the various localities of the study area. The Primary sources of data are direct observation from fieldwork and the use of questionnaire, while the secondary sources are topographic map and library materials. Descriptive statistical tools were applied to deal with the techniques of summarizing and describing data collected. Percentages, proportion and mean were applied to get expected frequencies. The result revealed that at Layin Pumpo 65% of respondents are affected by destruction of ancestral homeland by gully erosion. 100% are affected by loss of source of water supply. 72.5% find the gully site frightful. 92.5% experience trauma as a result of gully erosion in the area and 57.5% lost relatives. The study recommended that due to gully erosion and other natural environmental disasters, the need for an integrated environmental planning is paramount

References

Burtons, I.; Kates, R. W.; AND White, G. F (2010) “The environment as Hazard” Oxford Unv. Press N. Y Pp3-6.

Davis, W. W. (2000)” Environmental impact studies on erosion affected parts, of Boston” geographical essays. Boston. USA, Pp. 77-77.

Egboka, B.C.E. and Nwankwor, G. I. (2011) “The hydrogeological and geotechnical parameters and agents for the expansion of Agulu-Nanka Gully, Anambra State, Nigeira”. J. of Afr. Earth Sc., Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 417-425.

Egboka, B.C.E., Orajaka, I. P. and Nwosu, V. C. (2015) “Redox activities as additional causative factors in generation of gully erosion in Agulu-Nanka area of Nigeria”. Science of the Total Environment (STOTEN), Vol. 53, No.3, pp. 217 – 232.

Egboka, B.C.E., Nwankwor, G. I. and Orajaka, I. P. (2016) “Implications of Palaeo-and-Neo-tectonics in gully erosionprone areas of southeastern Nigeria”. Natural Hazards Journal, The Netherlands, Vol. 3, No. 31, pp. 219 – 232.

Kates, R. W. (2012) “National hazards in human Ecological prospects Hypothesis and model” Econ. Geog. Vol. 47: Pp 438.

NPC, (2006). Population and Housing Census, 2006. National Population Commission, Abuja, Nigeria.

Ofomata, G. E. K. (2000) “Erosion in the rain forest of Nigeria” Paper presented at the annual conference of the Nigeria geographical Association, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Onyegbule, P. (2015) “Geophysiographic factors of Agulu-Nanka gully Erosion Southeastern Nigeria” Seminar paper presented to Department of geography, Met and Environmental Management, Nnamdi Azikiwe university, Awka.

Press, F. (2010) “solution to global problems require commitment to change”. Geotimes, vol. 35 No. 2, P 7.

Sheng, T. C.; Jackson, J. K.; Krmyenhagen, J.; Nakasthin, N. and Watnapreteep, P. (2011) “Effects of differential strctures on Erosion and run-off” In T. Tangsanchalli and Eggers (eds.) Problems of soil erosion and sedimentation. Southeast Regional symposium. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, Pp. 311 – 316.

Stocking, M. A. (2004) “Assessing vegetation cover and management effects” In Lal, R. (eds.) soil erosion research methods St. Lucie Press. Soil and Water Conservation society, Florida Pp. 211 – 232.

Stocking, M. A. (2009) “Examination of the factors controlling gully growth, in De Boodt” in Gabriels, D. (eds.). Assessment of erosion John Wiley and Son London, New York. Pp. 505 –520.

White, A. W.; Bruce, R. R. JR.; Thomas, A. W.; Langdale, G. W. and Perkins, H. F. (2015)“ Characterizing productivity of eroded soils in the Southern Piedmont” Erosion and soil productivity. Am. Soc. Of Agric. Engrs. St. Joseph, Michigan Publication No. 8. Pp. 83 – 95.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Ibrahim, A. H., Ibrahim, H. A., Bashir, I. B., & Abdullahi, S. . Z. (2020). DETERMINATION OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF GULLY EROSION IN KURMIN-GWARI SETTLEMENT. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(4), 50 - 55. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-506