EFFECT OF CRUSHED DOUM PALM SHELL AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF COARSE AGGREGATE IN CONCRETE

Authors

  • A. Z. Liman
  • T. Adagba
  • A. H. Umar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-497

Keywords:

Doum, Palm shell, concrete, workability, compressive strength

Abstract

The use of alternative materials in place of natural aggregate in concrete production has been getting attention all around the globe; this makes concrete a sustainable and environmentally friendly construction material. In this study the use of crushed doum palm shell (CDPS) as partial replacement for coarse aggregate in concrete production was investigated. The concrete grade 30 was used for the research with a water /cement ratio of 0.45. The control sample contained normal concrete ingredient cement, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate. The CDPS replacement by weight was varied at 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% respectively for the test sample. The 28-day compressive strength of the concrete using Doum palm shell aggregate was found to be 28.0 and 20.2 MPa at 5 and 10% replacement under full water curing and it satisfies the requirement for structural lightweight concrete which was more than 17MPa. The study recommended replacement of coarse aggregate up to a maximum of 10 % crushed doum palm shell for structural light weight concrete and it encourage the use of agricultural wastes in construction as an environmental protection and cost reduction measure. However, results from laboratory investigations indicated that crushed doum palm shell (CDPS) has good potential as a coarse aggregate for production of structural lightweight concrete, especially for low-cost housing and also for use in earthquake prone areas

References

Akshay, S., Kalyani, R., Pooja, P., & Shraddha, P. (2014). Coconut Shell as Partial Replacement for Coarse Aggregate. International Journal of Civil EngineeringResearch, 5, 211-214

Aremu, O., & Idowu, O. I. (2011). Effects of Water/Cement Ratios on the Compressive Strength and Workability of Concrete and Lateritic Concrete Mixes. The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, 50-63.

Apebo, N. S., Iorwua, M. B., & Agunwamba, J. C. (2013). Comparative analysis of the compressive strength of concrete with gravel and crushed over burnt bricks as coarse aggregates. Nigerian journal of technology (NIJOTECH), 32(1), 7-12.

BS-1881-102. (1983). Testing Concrete. Method for determination of slump. London: British Standard Institution.

BS-1881-113. (1983). Testing of Concretes;. Methods for making and Curing of no-fines test cubes. London: British Standard Institution.

BS-812-103.1. (1985). Sieve tests. Methods for determination of particle size distribution. London: British Standard Institution.

BS-812-109. (1990). Testing Concrete. Methods for determination of moisture content. London: British Standard Institution.

BS-812-112. (1990). Testing aggregates. Methods for determination of aggregate impact value (AIV). London: British Standard Institution.

BS-812-2. (1995). Testing aggregates. Methods for determination of Density. London: British Standard Institution.

BS-882. (1992). Specifications of Aggregates for Natural Sources for Concrete. London: British Standard Institution.

BS-EN 1377-2. (1990). Soils for Civil engineering purposes. London: British Standard Institution.

Nyiutsa, A. S., Aondowase, J. S., Ameh, P. A., Josephat, C. E., & Paul, T. A. (2013). Effect of water/cement ratio on the compressive strength of gravel – crushed over burnt bricks concrete. Civil and Environmental Research, 3(4), 74 – 80

Osakwe C E, Nasiru A and Vaihyala P (2015). Experomental study of palmyra palm shell as coarse aggregate in concrete. American journal of engineering

Downloads

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Liman, A. Z., Adagba, T., & Umar, A. H. (2020). EFFECT OF CRUSHED DOUM PALM SHELL AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF COARSE AGGREGATE IN CONCRETE. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(4), 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-497