• T. Abubakar
  • E. Olumba
Keywords: Gravity anomalies, Prediction, Kriging, Interpolation, Gravity model


The availability of gravity data is useful to individuals, governments and organizations that wish to carry out a geophysical investigation in Abuja. The data provides an accurate model for environmental monitoring and disaster studies. This research was aimed at measurement and prediction of gravity data in Abuja, Nigeria. The aim was achieved by observation of terrestrial gravity data at forty (40) gravity stations around the federal capital territory Abuja, prediction of the gravity data at other points and the evaluation of the predicted data. Gravity reduction was carried out on the measured data to account for drift correction, free air correction, bouguer correction latitude correction and terrain correction. The data was further enhanced by interpolation using the Kriging method. A total of 59 points were predicted from the 40 measured stations. The predicted gravity anomalies were validated by comparing with their corresponding gravity anomalies obtained from the Earth Gravity Model 2008 (EGM08) because of their well-established reliability. For the number of observations, n = 59, the RMSE and SE were computed as 4.797mGal (4.787x10-5 ms-2) and 4.880mGal (4.880 x10-5 ms-2) respectively. Also, the correlation value obtained was 0.991 which is significant at 0.01 level. This shows a strong relationship signifying a perfect possible agreement in the values obtained. It was therefore concluded that Kriging is a good interpolator that provides an estimate with high reliability and dependency. In this regard, considering the high cost of geophysical data collection, gravity prediction can make geophysical data collection more efficient and cost-effective.


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