EFFECT OF TRANSPLANTING METHODS, NP- FERTILIZER RATES ON CANOPY WIDTH OF FEMALE DATE PALM (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) OFFSHOOT

  • M. S. Isyaku
  • Haruna Yakubu Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State
  • A. M. Muhammad
  • A. M. Hamza
  • M. I. Zamfara
Keywords: Date palm offshoot, direct transplanting method, indirect transplanting method NP- fertilizer and canopy width.

Abstract

Studies on the effect of transplanting methods and NP – fertilizer rates on canopy width of a female date palm offshoot have been conducted over a period of 25 months (September, 2017 – September 2019). The trial was sited at the Date Palm Research Sub – station/ Federal University Dutse (11o50’N, 09o25’E) in the Sudan Savanna ecological zone of Nigeria. The treatments consisted of two transplanting methods (Direct: detachment of offshoot from the parent palm and directly transplanting into the field, and Indirect: detachment of offshoot from the parent palm and keeping in the nursery for 3 months before transplanting into the field) and five NP fertilizer rates Control (0g N + 0g P), 80g N + 40g P, 160g N + 80g P, 240g N +120g P and 320g N + 160g P) arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Canopy width was measured and recorded at three months’ interval starting from September, 2017 to September 2019. Indirect transplanting of date palm through nursery proved more effective than direct transplanting as it produces statistically wider canopies in all the sampled periods. Rate 320g N +160g P statistically outperformed other rates in promoting wider canopies throughout the sampling periods. A combination of indirect transplanting method with rate 320g N +160g P that produced wider canopies is recommended for adoption  in the Sudan Savannah ecological zone of Nigeria.

References

Al-Yahai, R., and Manickavaskagan, A. ((2020). Dates, production, processing and medicinal values. www.research gate.net.
FAO, (2002). Date palm cultivation. Plant production paper 156.
Hodder and Stoughton. (1991). Plant physiology. The Open University, P. O. Box 48, Walton Hall. Milton Keynes MK7 6AB, London.
Klain, P. and Zaid, A. (2000). Date palm fertilization: Updated information for modern date palm cultivation. In: Proceedings of Date Palm International Symposium, Windhoek, Namibia, February, 2000. Pp. 125 – 128.
Muhammad, M. M. (2003). Effect of transplanting date and harvest method on growth and survival of three urban tree species in an arid climate. Forestry 39(5): 211- 217
Williams, E., Ahmed, T., Ahmed, E., and Zaki, L. (2005). Date palm in GCC countries of the Arabian Peninsula. International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), p. 25.
Zaid, A. and Dewet, P. F. (2005). Date palm Wikipedia. www.fao.org
Published
2020-07-08
How to Cite
IsyakuM. S., YakubuH., MuhammadA. M., HamzaA. M., & ZamfaraM. I. (2020). EFFECT OF TRANSPLANTING METHODS, NP- FERTILIZER RATES ON CANOPY WIDTH OF FEMALE DATE PALM (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) OFFSHOOT. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(2), 519 - 522. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0402-194