EFFECT OF TRANSPLANTING METHODS, NP- FERTILIZER RATES ON LEAF LENGTH OF FEMALE DATE PALM (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) OFFSHOOT

  • M. S. Isyaku
  • Haruna Yakubu Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State
  • A. M. Muhammad
  • A. M. Hamza
  • M. I. Zamfara
Keywords: Date palm offshoot, direct transplanting method, indirect transplanting method NP- fertilizer and leaf length.

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Studies on the effect of transplanting methods and NP – fertilizer rates on leaf length of a female date palm offshoot have been conducted over a period of 25 months (September, 2017 – September 2019). The trial was sited at the Date Palm Research Sub – station/ Federal University Dutse (11o50’N, 09o25’E) in the Sudan Savanna ecological zone of Nigeria.  The treatments consisted of two transplanting methods (Direct: detachment of offshoot from the parent palm and directly transplanting into the field, and Indirect: detachment of offshoot from the parent palm and keeping in the nursery for 3 months before transplanting into the field) and five NP fertilizer rates Control (0g N + 0g P), 80g N + 40g P, 160g N + 80g P, 240g N +120g P and 320g N + 160g P) arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Indirect transplanting of date palm through nursery proved more effective than direct transplanting as it produces statistically longer leaves which are an indication of better chances of crop survival, establishment and yield. Rate 320g N +160g P statistically outperformed other rates in the production of longer leaves throughout the sampling periods. Interaction between transplanting methods and fertilizer rates was highly significant in most of the sampled periods except in June and September, 2019. A combination of indirect transplanting method with rate 320g N +160g P that produced longer leaves is recommended for adoption  in the Sudan Savannah ecological zone of Nigeria.

References

Al- alawi, R. A. (2017). Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylyfera L.). Natural products. www.frontierssin.org.
Chobat, B. F., and Hicks, D. J. (1982). The ecology of leaf life spans. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematic 13: 229 – 259.
Duncan, N. G. (1965). Multiple range and Multiple F- test. Biometrics PP. 1- 42.
FAO, (2002). Date palm cultivation. Plant production paper 156.
Givnish, T. J. (1984). Leaf and canopy adaptation in tropical forest. In: Medina, E. H., and Vazquez – Yanes, C. Eds. Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics. New York: Dr. W. Junk Publishers, 51 – 84.
Hodder and Stoughton. (1991). Plant physiology. The Open University, P. O. Box 48, Walton Hall. Milton Keynes MK7 6AB, London.
Klain, P. and Zaid, A. (2000). Date palm fertilization: Updated information for modern date palm cultivation. In: Proceedings of Date Palm International Symposium, Windhoek, Namibia, February, 2000. Pp. 125 – 128.
Williams, E., Ahmed, T., Ahmed, E., and Zaki, L. (2005). Date palm in GCC countries of the Arabian Peninsula. International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), p. 25.
Zaid, A. and Dewet, P. F. (2005). Date palm Wikipedia. www.fao.org
Published
2020-07-08
How to Cite
IsyakuM. S., YakubuH., MuhammadA. M., HamzaA. M., & ZamfaraM. I. (2020). EFFECT OF TRANSPLANTING METHODS, NP- FERTILIZER RATES ON LEAF LENGTH OF FEMALE DATE PALM (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) OFFSHOOT. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(2), 532 - 537. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0402-193