EVALUATING THE EFFECT OF NIGERIA ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY ON ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES IN THE SIX GEO-POLITICAL ZONES USING 3k FACTORIAL DESIGN
Road Traffic Crashes (RTCs) has become a major challenge and threat to human health and safety. This research was conducted to investigate the effect of Nigeria Road Safety Strategy (NRSS) on RTCs in the six geo-political zones of the country. The dataset used was obtained from the annual records of Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) over a five year period (2016 â€“ 2020).The dataset was subjected to Bartlettâ€™s test of Homogeneity assumption which was not violated. Duncan Multiple Range Test was carried out to evaluate the differences in the groups. Three levels of road traffic crashes (no of cases, total casualties, and number of people involved) in the two regions of the Northern (North-Central, North-East and North-West) and Southern (South-West, South - South and South - East) Nigeria with six geo-political zones were modeled by linear regression analysis, and further subjected to 32 Factorial Designs with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), using R-statistical package. Results of the study shows that total cases and the corresponding number of people involved in RTCs in the two regions are significant. 97% and 96% of the total variations in RTCs were explained by the variations in geo-political zones in both regions respectively. This affirms the fact that the models for the two regions were different with the rate of RTCs higher in the northern region than in the southern region
Ayamah .R. (2011). Factorial Design and Model for the Effect of National Road Safety Strategy Two (NRSS II). International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 20: 192-207
Dauran, N. S., Odeyale, A. B., and Shehu, A. (2020). Construction and Analysis of Balanced Incomplete Sudoku Square Design. FUDMA Journal of Sciences, 4(2), 290 - 299.
Enekelekele, B and Etuk, E. H. (2019). Modelling Road Traffic Crashes in Nigeria Using Negative Binomial and Generalized Poisson Regression Model (1960 â€“ 2018). International Journal of Applied Science and Mathematical Theory, 5(3): 52-77
Federal Road Safety Commission (2014, 2015, 2016) Federal Republic of Nigeria Annual Reports - Official Publications: available at https://frsc.gov.ng visited on 22 August 2021
Montgomery, D. C. (2001). Design and Analysis of Experiment. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 5th Edition: 13-20
National Bureau of Statistics (2017), Annual Abstract Statistics Volume 1 (2016)
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). (NRSS 2014 â€“ 2018) www.frsc.gov.ng/nrss2016.pdf
Nigeria Road Safety Strategy II (NRSS II) 2021 â€“ 2030 (nationalplanning.gov.ng,) www.frsc.gov.ng/wp-content/uploads/2021/NRSS_2021-2030.pdf
Ojo T. O., Ogunleye T. A., Olawuwo S. and Adeleke, .M. O. (2014). Experimental Design Analysis on the Efficiency of Grain Yields of Cowpea Varieties in the Three Senatorial Zones of Osun State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Mathematics 9: 52-60
Olagunju K. Y. (2018). Senior Executive Course (SEC) 40. An Individual Research Project submitted to NIPSS Kuru. Retrieved on at https://frsc.gov.ng/nigeria-road-safety-strategy-ii-nrss-ii-implementation-workshop-2/
Onakomaiya, S.O. (1991). Trends in Nigeria Road Safety and Accident Situations. In Accident Control and Safety Measures in Mass Transit Operations in Nigeria, T. Bolade and A.A. Ogunsanya, Eds., Ibadan University Press, Ibadan,
Oppe, S. (1991). Development of Traffic and Traffic Safety: Global Trends and Incidental Fluctuations. Accident; Analysis and Prevention, 23(5): 413-422.
Osowole, O. I., Henshaw, B. B., Aghamie, S. and Balogun, .K. (2019). On Road Traffic Fatalities Modelling in Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Science and Mathematical Theory, 5(3): 9-19
Peden, .M. Scurfield,. R.., Sleet, D., Mohan, D., Hyder, A. A., Jarawan E., and Mathers, .C. (2004). World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, ISBN 92 4 156260
World Health Organization (2009). Global Status Report on Road Safety: Time for Action. (www.who.int/violence_ injury prevention/road_safety_status/2009).
World Health Organization, Geneva (2015). Global Status Report on Road Safety. https://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2015/en/
World Health Organization, Geneva (2018). Global Status Report on Road Safety. Licence: CC BYNC-SA 3.0 IGO, ISBN 987-92-4-156568-4 (https://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-sa/3.0/igo
Zhong, C., Sisipiku,V. P., Ksaibati, K. and Zhong, T. (2011). Crash Prediction on Rural Roads. In the Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Road Safety and Simulation, September 14-16, 2011, Indianapolis, USA
Copyright (c) 2022 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences