• Mansur Abdul Mohammed
  • Sanusi Abdu Yusif
Keywords: Nutrient supply; factor rating; fertilizer imbalance; fertilizer recommendation; maize production


Soil fertility is a vital component of stable society because it ensure growth of plant needed for survival of living organisms. Fertilizers are normally applied to the soil without considering the specific nutrients requirement of the plant, therefore fertilizer use is not rationalized. This study aimed at evaluating the soil fertility for the appropriate recommendation of fertilizer amount and composition for maize production. This will be achieved by assessing the nutrient contents (N, P and K) of the soil and evaluating the nutrient supply using QUEFTSmodel and identify the appropriate fertilizer requirement for recommendation. The sampling area was selected purposively to include area where maize is the major crop grown.  Grid soil survey technique was adopted whereby ten soil samples were collected using composite sampling techniques.The results shows that, the mean and standard deviation of the nutrient are N (0.12%±0.03), P (1.36±0.43), K (0.01±0.01) and pH (6.44±0.18). The nutrient supply were recorded as SN= 148.9, SP= 0.09 and SK= 37.45, however it is not all the amount of nutrient in supply form can be absorbed by the plant. The fertility factor rating revealed that N and K ranked high and P ranked low. Based on these analyses, 60kg K2O (nutrient rates/ha) and MOP (100kg/ha) at planting are recommended for maize production in the area.


Ahemad, M. and Kibret, M. (2013). Mechanisms and applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Current perspective,Journal of King Saud University – Science, (26): 1 – 20.

Adamu, G.K. (2014). An Assessment of the Characteristics and Potentils of Fadama Soils in The Reaches of Two Major Stream in Kano State, Nigeria, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Geography, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria, 6 – 19.

Adamu, G.K. and Yusuf, M. A. (2014). A comparative Study of Changes in Soil Fertility Under Two Farming Practices in the Kano Close Settle Zone, European Scientific Journals, 10 (2): 1857 – 7881

Arnon, I. (1975). Mineral Nutretion of Maize. International Potash Institute, Hebrew University of Jeruselem Israel.

Bekunda, M.A., Galloway, J., Syers, K. and Scholes,M. (2007). Background, current status and African context of the international nitrogen initiative. p. 115– 119. In A. Bationo et al. (ed.) Advances in integrated soil fertility research in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and opportunities. Springer-Verlag, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Binns, J. A, Maconachie, R. A. and Tanko, A. I. (2003).Water, Land and Health in Urban and Peri-urban Food production: The Case of Kano, Nigeria, Land Degrad Develop, 14: 413–444.

Brady, N. C. and Weil, R. R. (2002). Nature and Properties of Soils, 14th Edition, Pearson Education Inc, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.pp?

Chude, V. O., Malgwi, W. B., Amapu, I. Y. and Ano, A. O. (2011). Manual on Soil Fertility Assessment, workshop Paper on Soil Fertility Interpretations and fertilizer recommendations. State the conference; date, place.

Dawaki, M. U., Yusuf, M. A. and Adamu, G. K. (2007). Quality Assessment of Soils Under Irrigation along the Jakara Stream in Kano Metropolis, International Journal of Pure and Applied Science, 1 (3): 37 – 42.

Diels, J., Vanlauwe, B., van der Meersh, M. K., Sanginga, N. and Merck, R.J. (2004). Long term soil organic carbon dynamics in subhumid tropical climate: 13C data and modeling with ROTHC. Soil Biol. Biochem. 36:1739–1750.

Eaton, A. D., Clesceri, L. S., Rice, E. W. and Greenberg, A. E, eds. (2005). pH value in water by potentiometry using a standard hydrogen electrode. In: Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st ed. Washington (DC): Public Health Association, Water Environment Federation, and American Water Works Association. 1368.

Euroconsult (1989). Agricultural Compendium for Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, Edited by Amsterdam and Oxford, Elservier, 778,

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO, 1988). Soils map of the world: revised legend. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. 119

Garrity, D. P. (2004). Agroforestry and the achievement of the millenium development goals. Agroforest Syst, 61:5–17.

Ghosh, R. A., Padmanabhanb, N. K. C. and Patel, C. (2015). Soil Fertility Evaluation For FertilizerRecommendation Using Hyperion Data,International Conference On Sensors & Models In Remote Sensing & Photogrammetry, (11): 23–25.

London, J. R. (1991). Booker Tropical Soil Manual, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 465.

Lynam, J.K.S., Nandwa, S.M. and Smaling, E.M.A.(1998). Editorial. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 71:1–4. doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(98)00127-3.

Muchena, F., Onduru, D., Gachini, G.and de Jager, A.(2005). Turning the tides of soildegradation in Africa: Capturing reality and exploring opportunities. Land Use Policy 22:23–31. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2003.07.001.

Olofin, E.A. (1987). Some Aspect of Physical Geography of Kano Region, Department of Geography Lecture Series BUK, Dabis Standard Printers 73A, Zaria Road Kano, 5 – 34

Onyibe, J.E., Sani, B.M., Baba, D., Chindo, H., Ibrahim, I.K. and Malumfashi, M. (2014). MaizeProduction, Marketing, Processing & Utilization In Nigeria Extension Bulletin No. 217 National Agricultural Extension Research Liaison Services.

Sarkar, S., Mandal, S.S., Maiti, P.K. and Chatterjee, B.N. (1994). Sulphur nutrition of crops with and without organic manures under intensive cropping. Ind. J. Agri. Sci. 64: 88-92.

Sarkar, D. and Haldar, A. (2005). Physical and Chemical Methods in Soil Analysis: Fundamental Concepts of Analytical Chemistry and Instrumental Technique, Newage International, Publishers, 4835/24, Ansari Road, Daryaganji, New Delhi-India

Sanchez, P.A. (2002). Soil fertility and hunger in Africa. Science 295:2019–2020. doi:10.1126/science.1065256.

Tanko, A.T. (1999). Changes in Soil and Water Quality and Implication for Sustainable Irrigationin the Kano River Project (KRPI), Kano State Nigeria, Unpublished Ph D. Thesis, Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

USDA (2001). United State Department of Agriculture. Guideline For Soil Quality Assessment inConservation Planning, National Resource Conservation Services, Soil Quality Status, 3 – 20.

Van Wambeke A (1992). Soils of the Tropics. McGraw-Hill, New York, 253 - 266

Walkley, A. and Black, C.A. (1934). An Examination of the Djetgareff Method for Determining Organic Matter and Proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method, Soil Sciences, 37: 29–38
How to Cite
MohammedM. A., & YusifS. A. (2020). EVALUATION OF SOIL FERTILITY FOR MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L. ) PRODUCTION ATTAMBURAWA IN DAWAKIN KUDU, KANO NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(1), 617 - 622. Retrieved from https://fjs.fudutsinma.edu.ng/index.php/fjs/article/view/95