PROTEIN AND AMINO ACIDS PROFILE OF LIMA BEAN (PHASEOLUS LUNATUS) FOODS IN KADUNA STATE
This study was conducted to determine the amino acids content of some lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) foods in Kaduna state, so as to provide nutritional basis for increased utilization of lima beans as a value-added product in households. The foods include lima bean porridge, lima bean-benniseed and lima bean-hungry rice. These foods were subjected to proximate and amino acids analysis using standard procedures and analytical methods. Amino acid composition of lima bean-benniseed recorded higher content of essential amino acids leucine (6.97g/100g), lysine (7.10g/100g), methionine (2.60g/100g), threonine (3.81g/100g), and also had higher content of non-essential amino acids, tyrosine (3.45g/100g), alanine (4.54g/100g), serine (3.94g/100g), glutamic acid (12.94g/100g) and aspartic acid (8.68g/100g). Lima bean-hungry rice food had higher content of isoleucine (4.04g/100g), phenylalanine (4.13g/100g), tryptophan (1.26g/100g). Proximate composition shows that the protein content of lima bean-benniseed food (8.33%) and lima bean porridge (8.30%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than lima bean-hungry rice food while lima bean-benniseed food had higher content of crude fat (13.46%), ash (2.28%) and crude fibre (4.09%) compared to other foods. The carbohydrate content (24.58%) of lima bean porridge was significantly (P<0.05) higher than other foods. The study shows that lima bean foods have a good nutritional profile therefore; increase in the consumption of foods prepared with lima beans could serve as an addition to food-based strategies used in decreasing malnutrition and its effects
Adegunwa, M.O., Adebowale, A. A. and Salaro, E.O. (2012). Effect of Thermal Processing on the Biochemical Composition, Antinutritional factors and Functional properties of Beniseed (sesamum indicum) flour. American journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2(3):175-182
Anigo, K.M., Ameh, D.A., Ibrahim S. and Danbauchi S.S. (2009). Nutrient Composition of Commonly used Complementary Foods in North Western Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(17) 4211-4216.
Association of Organic and Analytical Chemistry, 2000. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 17th Edn., Gaithersburg, MD, USA: AOAC.
Bamigboye, A. Y. and Adepoju, O. T. (2015). Effects of Processing Methods on Nutritive Values of Ekuru from two Cultivars of beans (Vigna unguiculata and Vigna angustifoliata). African Journal of Biotechnology, 14(21): 1790-1795.
Ezeagu, I. E. and Ibegbu, D. (2010). Biochemical Composition and Nutritional Potential of Ukpa: A Variety of Tropical Lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) from Nigeria. Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Science, 60(3):231-235.
Food And Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1990). Roots, Tubers, Plantains and Bananas in Human Nutrition. Effects of Processing on Nutrition value. Available from http:// www.fao.org
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1991). Protein Quality Evaluation. Available from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/38133/1/9251030979_eng.pdf. [Acesssed 20 November, 2016].
Garden-Robinson, J. (2013). All about Beans Nutrition, Health benefits, preparation and use in menus. Available from https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/publications/food-nutrition/all-about-beans-nutrition-health-benefits-preparation-and-use-in-menus/fs1643-all-about-beans.pdf. [Accessed 21 Novenber,2016].
Hedwig, A., Wilma, H. Oldewage-Theron and Abdulkadir, A. E. (2012). Dietary Diversity, Micronutrient intake and their variation among black women in informal settlements in South Africa. International journal of Nutrition and metabolism, 4(2):24-39.
Imiosi, O.B., Ilori, G.E., Agho, I. and Ehator J.O. (2015). Palm oil, its Nutritional and Health Implications. Journal of Applied Science and Environment 19(1):127-133
Manyike, P.C., Josephat, M.C., Agozie, U., Herbert, A.O., Odutola, I.O. and Awoere, T.C. (2014). Prevalence of Malnutrition among Pre-school Children in South-east Nigeria. Italian journal of pediatrics, 40:75
National Bureau of Statistic (NBS). 2018. National Nutrition and Health Survey (NNHS) 2018. A Report on the Nutrition and Health Situation of Nigeria.
National Population Commission (NPC) and ICF.2019. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (2018). Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF
Obiakor-Okeke, P.N. (2014). Comparative evaluation of Chemical and Functional Properties of some Lima Bean varieties (Phaseolus lunatus) Consumed in Arondizuogu, Imo State, Nigeria. Journal of food and Nutrition Sciences, 2(4):168-172.
Oboh, H.A., Muzquiz, M., Burbano, C., Cuadrado, C., Pedrosa, M.M. , Ayet, G. and Osagie, A.U.(2000). Effect of Soaking, Cooking and Germination on the Oligosaccharide content of selected Nigerian Legume seeds. Plant foods for Human Nutrition 55: 97-110.
Owolabi, A.O., Dankat, C.B., Okolo, I. and Anigo, K.M., (2020). Proximate, Antinutrient and Mineral Composition of Commonly Consumed Food from Lima Beans (Phaseolus lunatus) in Kaduna State, North Western Nigeria. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering (IJASRE), 6 (6): 40.
Robert, H.G., Emmanuel, P. L., Jack, M. P., John, S., Ronnee, A., Yuan-Chen, W., â€¦ Lu-Te C. (2013). Fatty acid, Amino Acid, Mineral and Antioxidant Contents of Acha (Digitaria exilis) grown on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria. International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 5(1): 1-8.
Subuola, F., Yudi, W. and Taiwo, K. (2012). Processing and Ultilization of Legumes in the Tropics. In A. E. Ayman Eds., Trends In Vital Food and Control Engineering. Europe: InTech Publishers, pp71-84
United Nations International Childrenâ€™s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) 2019. Poor Diets Damaging Childrens Health Worldwide. Available from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/press-releases/poor-diets-damaging-childrens-health-worldwide-including-nigeria-warns-unicef. [Accessed 15 July, 2021
Zeki Berk, (2018). Freeze, Drying (lyophilization) and Freeze Concentration. In Food Process Engineering and Technology (Third Edition). pp 513-566.
Zhoalai D., Zhenlong W., Sichao J., Guoyao W. (2014). Analysis of Amino Acids Composition in Proteins of Animal Tissues and Foods as Precolumn o-phthaldialdehyde derivatives by HPLC with Flourescence Detection. J. Chromatography B. 964:116-127.
Copyright (c) 2021 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences