CHARACTERIZATION OF HYBRID-FORMAMIDINIUM BISMUTH BROMIDE PEROVSKITE MATERIAL (FABi2Br9) SYNTHESIZED VIA GROWTH ASSISTED TECHNIQUE FOR SOLAR CELLS APPLICATION

  • Bashir Salisu
Keywords: Perovskite solar cell, synthesis, characterization, hybrid organic-inorganic, optoelectronics properties, FABi2Br9, ABX¬3 structure.

Abstract

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have had tremendous success, raising their power conversion efficiency from 3.8% in 2009(T, A, K, & Y, 2009) to >25.6% (Li et al., 2021). Perovskite material is newly emergent, third-generation solar cells, it generally refers to any composite that has structure like that of calcium titanium oxide (CaTiO2). It has a general formula ABX­3, where A refers to an organic compound, B is an inorganic and X represents the halides. In this research, a Hybrid-Formamidinium Bismuth Bromide Perovskite solar cell (FABi2Br9) was synthesized via a novel crystal growth process and subjected to characterization for determining its optoelectronic properties for solar cells application. The x-ray diffraction (XDR) results revealed the crystal hexagonal structure of FABi2Br9, the crystal sizes were obtained and it gives an excellent size (74nm) for light absorption material. The bandgap was determined using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (U.V vis) which was found to be 1.80eV which is within the required range for an absorbing layer in a solar cell architecture. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and was used to identify the organic content purity of the composite. In conclusion, FABi2Br9 was found to be pure with excellent optoelectronics properties that can readily be used as an absorbent layer in perovskite solar cells architecture

References

REFERENCES
Ansari, A.A., Labis, J., Alam, S.M., Ramay, M., Ahmad, N., Asif, M. (2016) "Influence of
copper ion doping on structural, optical and redox properties of CeO2 nanoparticles."Journal of Electroceramics 36, no. 1-4: 150-157.

Izquierdo, R.V., Alejandro., P.R., Alberto, R.R., Morante, J.R., Lorenzo, C., Bermudez, V.
(2007). Raman microprobe characterization of electrodeposited S-rich CuIn (S,Se)2 for photovoltaic applications: microstructural analysis. Journal of applied physics. 101, no. 10 103517.
Shafi, P.M., Bose, A.C. (2015). Impact of crystalline defects and size on X-ray line broadening:A
phenomenological approach for tetragonal SnO2 nanocrystals. AIP Adv. 5 057137.

Lucks, I., Lamparter, P., Mittemeijer, E. J. (2014). An evaluation of methods of diffraction-line
broadening analysis applied to ball-milled molybdenum Acta Metall. 122–31.

Lang, F., Jošt, M., Frohna, K., Köhnen, E., Al-Ashouri, A., Bowman, A. R., … Stranks, S. D. (2020). Proton Radiation Hardness of Perovskite Tandem Photovoltaics. Joule, 4(5), 1054–1069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joule.2020.03.006
Li, J., Duan, J., Yang, X., Duan, Y., Yang, P., & Tang, Q. (2021). Review on recent progress of lead-free halide perovskites in optoelectronic applications. Nano Energy, 80(September 2020), 105526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105526
Miller, N. C., & Bernechea, M. (2018). Research Update: Bismuth based materials for photovoltaics. APL Materials, 6(8). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026541
Sani, F., Shafie, S., Lim, H. N., & Musa, A. O. (2018). Advancement on lead-free organic-inorganic halide perovskite solar cells: A review. Materials, 11(6), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11061008
Singh, R. K., Kumar, R., Kumar, A., Jain, N., Singh, R. K., & Singh, J. (2018). Novel synthesis process of methyl ammonium bromide and effect of particle size on structural, optical and thermodynamic behavior of CH3NH3PbBr3 organometallic perovskite light harvester. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 743, 728–736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.01.355
T, M., A, K., K, T., & Y, S. (2009). Organometal halide perovskites as visible-light sensitizers for photovoltaic cells. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131(17), 6050–6051.
Vidal-Amaro, J. J., stergaard, P. A., Sheinbaum-Pardo, C. (2015). Optimal energy mix for
transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources – The case of the Mexican electricity system. Applied Energy, 150, 80-96.
Published
2021-11-02
How to Cite
Salisu, B. (2021). CHARACTERIZATION OF HYBRID-FORMAMIDINIUM BISMUTH BROMIDE PEROVSKITE MATERIAL (FABi2Br9) SYNTHESIZED VIA GROWTH ASSISTED TECHNIQUE FOR SOLAR CELLS APPLICATION. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 5(3), 169 - 176. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2021-0503-694