ANALYSIS OF DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF FUEL WOOD AND CHARCOAL IN ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

  • Samira Bello FCE Zaria
  • Adamu Usman Kibbon
  • Akpu Benedine Akpu
Keywords: Distribution, Pattern, Fuel Wood, Charcoal, Zaria.

Abstract

Energy use is an essential requirement for socioeconomic development of any society. This research aimed at analyzing fuel wood and charcoal distribution pattern in Zaria Local Government Area Kaduna State Nigeria. The aim was achieved through the following objectives which are to: identify the distribution of fuel wood depots in the study area; analyse the distribution pattern of fuel wood in the study area and examine the seasonality, time and mode of fuel wood distribution in the study area. This research used both quantitative and qualitative method in data analysis. Findings from the research revealed two types of fuel wood vendor depots exists in the study area which are classified as either major or minor  types which shows that fuel wood vendor depots are mostly concentrated around the residential areas especially within the built-up land, also, charcoal is mostly sourced around Kachia and Lokoja Abuja Express way. Results from in-depth interview with the fuel wood vendors indicates that there are two types of fuel wood vendors: the mobile and the stationary vendors. It has been recommended in this study that the Government should come up with a policy guidelines to regulate and sanitise the number of minor fuel wood depots in the study area for a cleaner, safer and regulated environment. The relevant authorities should promulgate penalties for violators of the policy guidelines in order to ensure that the environment is kept safe from soil degradation as a result of the activities of the fuel wood depots and environmental pollution.

References

Abdul-Hadi, A.D. (2016). Impact of Fuelwood Consumption on Vegetation Cover in Zaria and its Environs, Kaduna state Nigeria.An unpublished MSc. Thesis, submitted to the Department of Geography Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Zaria Nigeria. 2016.

Adeyemi, A. A. and Ibe, A. E. (2014). Patterns of Firewood Exploitation and Utilization in Peri-urban and Rural Areas of Owerri Zone in Southern Nigeria Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 10(3):113-119

Agarwal, P.K. (2019). Changes in fuel wood use and forest resources in Akwaibom State. Journal of Environmental Management, 83:416–426

Audu, E.B. (2013). Fuel Wood Consumption and Desertification in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology. Volume 3 No.1 ISSN 2224-3577

Cline-Cole, R. A., Falola, J. A., Main, H. A. C., Mortimore, M. J., Nichol, J. E. and O’Reilly, F. D. (1987). Wood Fuel in Kano, Nigeria: The Urban-Rural Conflict. Report submitted to the United Nations University Development studies division http://www.odi.org.uk/fpeg/publications/greyliterarture/fuelwood/Clinecole/index.html - accessed 06/12/2016

FAO (2005). Global Forest Resources Assessment: Progress towards Sustainable Forest Management. Forestry Paper. 147. Rome, Italy. 320pp.

Food and Agricultural Organization, (FAO) (2016).Wood Energy.Retrieved on 27/10/2016.http://www.fao.org/forestry/energy/en/

Ibrahim, U.H, Aliyu, A.B. and Ibrahim, I.S. (2013). Assessment of Fuel Wood Consumption Pattern in Dala Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria. Journal of Physical Sciences and Environmental Safety. Vol. 3, Number

Ismai’l, M, Maiwada, A.N, Bashir, Y.G. Jaro, I.J. Adamu and Babajo (2014).Comparative Analysis of Fuelwood Utilization In-and-Aroud Ikara Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Research and Review. ISSN 2393-8854.

Mortimore, M.J. (1970). Zaria and its Region. Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Vol. 4

National Population Commission (NPC) (1991). Census report, Federal Republic of Nigeria. Analytical Result Report at National Level. NPC Abuja.

National Population Commission (NPC), (2009). 2006 Population and Housing Census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Priority Tables (Volume I): National and State Population and Housing Tables. Abuja, Nigeria. January, 2009.

Ogunleye, E.K. (2006). Utilisation of Remote Sensing Products in Kaduna State: A Case Study of Kaduna and Zaria Metropolises. Unpublished PGD Project. Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State 3-10.

Sule, M. Z., Muhammad .I., Abdullahi .J., Odey .E., Abduljalal A. and Amina .M., (2014). Analysis of Fuel wood Consumption in Pampaida (Millenium Village) of Kaduna State, Nigeria. ISSN: 2313-819X Vol. 1, No. 1, 17-23, 2014 http://www.asianonlinejournals.com/index.php/ABEE.

Wright, S.B. and McCurry, P. (1970). Geology, In Mortimore M.J. (ed) Zaria and its Region, Occasional Paper Department of Geography, A.B.U., Zaria No. 4 pp 5-12.

Yamene, T. (1976).An Introductory Analysis.2rd Edition Harper and Row Publishers. New York.
Published
2021-07-10
How to Cite
Samira Bello, Kibbon, A. U., & Akpu, A. B. (2021). ANALYSIS OF DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF FUEL WOOD AND CHARCOAL IN ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 5(2), 191 - 202. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2021-0502-637