TOXICITY OF Piper guineense SCHUM AND THONN AND Chlorpyrifos POWDERS FOR THE CONTROL OF Callosobruchus subinnotatus (Pic.) ON STORED Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA

  • A. O. Thompson
  • H. M. Abba
Keywords: Bambara nut, Piper guineense, Chlorpyrifos, Callosobruchus subinnotatus

Abstract

A study was conducted with aim of determining toxicity effects of Piper guineense and chlorpyrifos powders on adult mortality of Callosobruchus subinnotatus, progeny emergence (F1), damage and weight loss, germination of Bambara nuts. Study was carried out at Botany laboratory, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria. P. guineense and chlorpyrifos were mixed at 0.0g and 0.8g concentration with 20g Bambara nuts inside 1000ml plastic containers. Experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design in three replicates. Ten pairs of adult C. subinnotatus unsexed were introduced into treatments nuts and stored for 7days. Bruchid mortality, progeny emergence, nut damage and weight loss, and germination were assessed. Data obtained were subjected to analyses of variance, significant differences of treatment mean were separated using New Duncan’s multiple range test at 5% probability level. Piper guineense and chlorpyrifos powders had comparable toxicity effects, causing 100% C. subinnotatus adult mortality between 5-7 days of treatment. P. guineense and chlorpyrifos powders proved effective as lower C. subinnotatus progeny emergence was observed compared with control. Progeny emergence under control was 93.42% and 100% higher than nuts treated with P. guineense and chlorpyrifos, respectively. P. guineense and chlorpyrifos did not cause significant reduction in seed germination. Study recommends P. guineense is a reliable organic material that could offer protection to Bambara nuts against C. subinnotatus

References

Abba, H.M., Umar, B. and Mohammed, I. (2018). Leaf epidermal anatomy of selected varieties of Bambara groundnut in Gombe, Nigeria. International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology. 6. No 9. ISSN: 2349-8080. (online). DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/IJCRBP.2019.609.006.

Abdulmalik, B.S., Abdullahi, N., Alkali, Z. and Abba, E. (2018). Efficacy of Hyptis Suaveolens Leaf Oils in Protecting Stored Maize Against Adult Maize Weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) Bima Journal of Science and Technology. 2. No 1. 41-54. ISSN25366041.

Adzawla, W., Donkoh, S., Nyarko, G., O'Reilly, P., Olayide, O. and Awai, P. (2015). Technical efficiency of Bambara groundnut production in Northern Ghana. UDS International Journal of Development, 2(2), 37–49.

Adebisi, M.A., Oni, D.A., Ajala, M.O., Kehinde, T.O. and Daniel, I.O. (2016). Effect of dry-seed treatments on seed longevity of five sesame (Sesamum indicum) varieties under humid tropical conditions. Tropical Agriculture, 94: 1-12.

Adedire, C.O. and Ladije, L. (2003). Ability of extracts of ten tropical plant species to protect maize grains against infestation by the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) during storage. Nigerian Journal Experimental Biology, 4(2), 175-179.

Adedire, C.O. and Ajayi, T.S. (1996). Assessment of the insecticidal properties of some plant extract as grain protectant against the maize weevil S. zeamais motschulsky. Nigerian Journal of Entomology 13: 93-101.

Adedire, C.O., Obembe, O. O., Akinkurolele, R. O. and Oduleye, O. (2011). Response of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae: Bruchinae) to extracts of cashew kernels. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 118(2), 75-79.

Afolabi, F., Arotupin, D. J., Ojo, T. and Olowokere, T. (2018). Improving nutritive value of fermented cereal porridge ‘Ogi’ by fortifying with Bambara nut. Croatian Journal of FoodScienceandTechnology, 10(1), 51–57. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2018.10.1.10

Arannilewa, S.T., Ekrakene, T. and Akinneye, J.O. (2006). Laboratory evaluation of four medicinal plants as protectants against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zaemais (Mots). African Journal of Biotechnology 5 (21), pp. 2032-2036. DOI: 10.5897/AJB06.306. ISSN 1684–5315

Asawalam, E.F. and Emosairue, S.O. (2006). Comparative efficacy of Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) and pirimiphos methylas poisons against Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky). Electron Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Food Chemistry 5: 1536-1545.

Asawalam, E.F., Emosairue, S.O., Ekeleme, F. and Wokocha, R. (2007). Efficacy of P. guineense (Schum and Thonn) seed extract against maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) as influenced by different extraction solvents, International Journal of Pest Management, 53: 1-6.

Ashamo, M. O. (2007). Evaluation of contact toxicity and fumigant effect of some plant powders against Sitophilus zeamais. Proceeding, Akure Hambold Kellog/ 3rdSAAT Annual Conference, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 3, 64 – 67.

Baba- Tierto, N. (1994). Ability of Powders and Slurries from Ten Plant Species to Protect Stored Grains from Attack Prostephanus truncates (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) and Sitophilus oryzae L., (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research. 30: 297 – 301.

Bamaiyi, L.J., Ndams, I.S., Toro, W.A. and Odekina, S. (2006). Effect of Mahogamy Khaya senegalensis Seed Oil in the Control of Callosobruchus maculatus on stored cowpea. Plant Protection Science, 42:130-134.

Baoua, I.B., Amadou, L., Abdourhamane, M., Baributsa, D. and Murdock, L.L (2015). Grain Storage Insect Pests and Associated Losses in Rural Niger. Journal of Stored Products Research 64:8-12

Benson, G.A., Joda, A.O. and Sosanya, O.S. (2019). Evaluation of Piper guineense in the control of cowpea storage weevils; Implication for sustainable credit advancement. Agricultural Science, 10:530-537.

Bonthala, V. S., Mayes, K., Moreton, J., Blythe, M., Wright, V., May, S. T., … Twycross, J. (2016). Identification of gene modules associated with low temperatures response in Bambara groundnut by network-based analysis. PLoS ONE, 11(2), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0148771

Brough, S.H., Azam-Ali, S.N. and Taylor, A.J. (1993). The potential of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) in vegetable milk production and basic protein functionality systems. Food Chem. 47:277-283.

Diedericks, C. F., and Jideani, V. A. (2015). Physicochemical and functional properties of insoluble dietary fiber isolated from Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea [L.] Verdc.). Journal of Food Science, 80(9), 1933–1944. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.12981

Falade, K. O., Ogundele, O. M., Ogunshe, A. O., Fayemi, O. E., & Ocloo, F. C. K. (2015). Physico-chemical, sensory and microbiological characteristics of plain yoghurt from Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) and soybeans (Glycine max). Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52(9), 5858–5865. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197- 014-1657-3

FAO, (1985). Prevention of Post-Harvest Food Losses. Training Series No. 10. Italy, Rome. PP.122.

Idoko, J. E. and Adebayo, R. A. (2011). Efficacy of single and combined leaf powder of Nicotiana tabacum L. [Solanales: Solanaceaee] with reduced rates of Pirimiphos methyl in management of Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky [Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Journal of Agriculture Science, 3(1), 276 – 280.

Ileke, K.D. and Bulus, D.S. (2012). Evaluation of contact toxicity and fumigant effect of some medicinal plant and pirimiphos methyl powders against cowpea bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae] in stored cowpea seeds. Journal of Agricultural Science 4 (4): 279-284.

Jambere, B., Obeng – Ofori, D. and Hassanali, A. (1995). Products derived from the leaves of Ocimum kilmandsharicum as post-harvest grain protestant against the infection of three major stored insect product pests. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 85, 351-367

Joana, O.I. and Gungula, D.T. (2010). Preservation of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) Grains against Bambara Bruchids (Callosobruchus subinnotatus) Using Neem and Moringa Seed Oils. International Journal of Agronomy. 2010. Pp 1-8. doi: 10.1155/2010/235280

Kabeh, J.D. and Jalingo, M.G.D.S. (2007). Pesticidal effect of bitter leaf plant Vernonica amygdalina compositae leaves and pirimiphos methyl on larvae of C. maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: curculionidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9:454.

Karunaratne, A. S., Walker, S. and Ruane, A. C. (2015). Modelling Bambara groundnut yield in Southern Africa: Towards a climate-resilient future. Climate Research, 65, 193–203. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01300

Kemabonta, K.A. and Falodu, B.B. (2013). Bioefficacy of Three Plant Products as Post-Harvest Grain Protectants Against Sitophilus oryzea Linnaeus (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) On Stored Wheat (Triticum aestivum). Department of Zoology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Security and Networks, 4(2)259-264.

Koehler, P. G. (2003). Biopesticides. Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesuilla (2)326pp.

Lale, N.E.S. (1992). A laboratory study of the comparative toxicity of products from three spices to the maize weevil. Post-harvest Biology Technology,2,61–64. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0925-5214(92)90028-N

Larmond, E. (1991). Laboratory Method for Sensory Evaluation of Foods. Canadian Agricultural Publications. Series IV, Ottawa, Canada.

Maina, Y.T., Degri, M.M and Sharah, H.A (2011). Effects of population density and storage duration on the development of Callosobruchus subinnotatus in stored Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt). Journal of Environmental Issues Agriculture in Developing Countries 3(3):70-75.

Mbah, O.I (2005). The potency of oil palm bunch ash and seed powder of African Ethiopian pepper (Xylopia aethopica) against cowpea weevils (C. maculatus F.) in storage. Nigeria Agricultural Journal 36:184-190

Mbah-Omeje, K.N. (2019). The Insecticidal Activity of Neem (Azardirachata indica) Against Weevils in Stored Bambara Nuts (Vigna subtteranea) and Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. 7, No. 2, pp 31-35.

Mubaiwa, J., Fogliano, V., Chidewe, C., Bakker, E. J. and Linnemann, A.R. (2018). Utilization of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) for sustainable food and nutrition security in semi-arid regions of Zimbabwe. https://doi.org/10.137/journal.pone.0204817

Mundi, A.D., Adamu, R.S., Ajayi, F.A., Bamaiyi, L.J. and Egwurube, E.A. (2012). Insecticidal Evaluation of Some Botanical Leaf Powders on Cowpea Beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) on Stored Bambara Groundnut. (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt. PAT;18(1):52-65:0794-5213.

Murevanhema, Y. Y. and Jideani, V. A. (2013). Potential of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc) milk as a probiotic beverage-A review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 53(9), 954–967. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2011.574803

Nwadi, O.M.M., Uchegbu, N. and Oyeyinka, S.A. (2019). Enrichment of food blends with Bambara groundnut flour: Past, present, and future trends. Wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/legume science. https://doi.org/10.1002/leg3.25

Ofuya, T.I. (2001). Biology, Ecology and control of insect pest of stored legumes in Nigeria. In: Ofuya, T.I and Lale, N.E.S. Pest of stored cereals and pulses in Nigeria, Dave Collins Publication, Nigeria 24-58

Ofuya, T.I. and Dawodu, E.O. (2002). Aspect of Insecticidal Action of Piper guineense Schum and Thonn Fruit Powders against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Nigerian Journal of Entomology 19: 40 – 50.

Ogundele, O. M., Minnaar, A., & Emmambux, M. N. (2017). Effects of micronisation and dehulling of pre-soaked Bambara groundnut seeds on microstructure and functionality of the resulting flours. Food Chemistry, 214, 655–663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016. 07.022

Okudu, H. & Ojinnaka, M. (2017). Effect of soaking time on the nutrient and antinutrient composition of Bambara groundnut seeds (Vigna subterranean). African Journal of Food Science and Technology, 8 (2), 25–29.

Olotuah, O.K., Ofuya, T.I. and Aladesanwa, R.D. (2007). Effect of particle size on insecticidal activity of dust of kugenia aromatic and Piper guineense against C. maculatus. Nigeria Journal of plant protection, 24: 34-39

Oyeyinka, A. T., Pillay, K., & Siwela, M. (2017). Consumer awareness and acceptability of Bambara groundnut as a protein source for use in complementary foods in rural KwaZulu-natal. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 30(4), 87–92. https://doi.org/10.1080/16070658.2017. 1282581

Oyeyinka, S. A., Tijani, T. S., Oyeyinka, A. T., Arise, A. K., Balogun, M. A., Kolawole, F. L., Joseph, J. K. (2018). Value added snacks produced from Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) paste or flour. LWT – Food Science and Technology, 88, 126–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt. 2017.10.011

Oyeyinka, S. A., Umaru, E., Olatunde, S. J., & Joseph, J. K. (2019). Effect of short microwave heating time on physicochemical and functional properties of Bambara groundnut starch. Food Bioscience, 28, 36–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbio.2019.01.005

Parugrug, M. L and Roxas A.C (2008). Insecticidal action of five plants against Maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais motsch. Coleoptera: curculionidae. King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang Science and Technology Journal 8 (1): 21- 38.

Sathish, D.K., Praveen, A.K., Ashok, K.K., Bramha, D.S., Srinivasa, R., Ramarao, N. (2013). A review on Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra). International Research of Pharmaceutical and Applied Sciences 3(4): 129-132

Suhairi, T. A. S. T. M., Jahanshiri, E., and Nizar, N. M. M. (2018). Multicriteria land suitability assessment for growing underutilised crop, Bambara groundnut in Peninsular Malaysia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 169(2018), 1–9. https://doi.org/ 10.1088/1755-1315/169/1/012044

Udo, I.O (2011). Potential of Zanthoxylum xanthoxyloides (Lam.) for the control of stored product insect pests. Journal of Stored Products and Post-harvest Research, 2(3): 40-44

Yao, D. N., Kouassi, K. N., Erba, D., Scazzina, F., Pellegrini, N., & Casiraghi, M. C. (2015). Nutritive evaluation of the Bambara groundnut Ci12 landrace [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. (Fabaceae)] produced in Cote d'Ivoire. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16(9), 21428–21441. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160921428

Yusuf, M., Wahab, M.A. and Chowdhury, J.U. (2006). Ethno-Medico-Botanical Knowledge from Kauhkali Proper and Bethunia of Rangamati District. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 13(1): 55-61.

Zar, J. H. (1984). Biostatatical Analysis, 2nd ed, Prentice- Hall International, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 718p.
Published
2021-07-07
How to Cite
Thompson, A. O., & Abba, H. M. (2021). TOXICITY OF Piper guineense SCHUM AND THONN AND Chlorpyrifos POWDERS FOR THE CONTROL OF Callosobruchus subinnotatus (Pic.) ON STORED Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 5(2), 358 - 364. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2021-0502-625