• S. O. Owalude
  • K. O. Babalola



Water, pollution, textile industries, industrial wastes, Atomic Absorption Spectroscop


The impact of the industrial effluents from Odogunyan industrial estate on the environment was assessed by determination of some physicochemical characteristics of the effluent samples and comparison with discharged standards to ascertain the efficiency of industries’ wastewater treatment process. The physicochemical parameters were evaluated by conventional methods while heavy metals in the effluent samples were analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The results for all the effluents revealed that temperature was in the range of 32- 35 ; Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) 43-86.7 mg/L; Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) 492-888 mg/L; Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) 1667-13333 mg/L; Total Suspended Solids (TSS) 350-1000 mg/L; Total Solids (TS) 3350-14333 mg/L; Electrical Conductivity 166.5-12390 μS/cm; Total Acidity (TA) 12-60 mg/L and total hardness 24-56 mg/L. The AAS analysis results showed the average metal levels in mg/L as 0.7-1.15, 0.05-0.44, 2.0-45.0, 0.01 and 0.03-0.17 for Zn, Cu, Fe, Cd and Cr respectively. Thus, there is a need for proper remedial measures of the effluents before their discharge into the water bodies.


Adeolu, A. T., Okareh, O. T. and Dada, A. O. (2016). Adsorption of Chromium ion from industrial

effluent using activated carbon derived from plantain (Musa paradisiaca) wastes. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 4(1): 7-20.

Adesoye, A. M., Olayinka, K., Olukomaiya, O. O. and Iwuchukwu, P. O. (2014). The removal of

phosphates from laundry wastewater using alum and ferrous sulphate as coagulants. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, 8(2): 256-260.

Amuda, O. S., Amoo, I. A. and Ajayi, O. O. (2006). Performance optimization of coagulant/ flocculant in the treatment of wastewater from a beverage industry. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B129: 69-72.

Adebisi, S. A. and Fayemiwo, K. A. (2010). Pollution of Ibadan soil by industrial effluents. New

York Science Journal, 3(10): 37-41.

Baer, W. and Hervé, M. E. A. (1966). Employment and industrialization in developing countries.

The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80(1): 88-107.

Banat, M. I., Nigam, P., Singh, D. and Marchant, R. (1996). Microbial decolorization of textile dye containing effluents: A review. Bioresource Technology, 58: 217-227.

Besselievre, E. B. & Schwartz, M. (1976): The Treatment of Industrial Wastes. 2nd edition, New York, McGraw Hill.

Chauhan, G. (2013). Toxicity study of metals contamination on vegetables grown in the vicinity of cement factory. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4: 1-9.

Chinedu, S. N., Nwinyi, O. C., Oluwadamisi, A. Y. and Eze, V. N. (2011). Assessment of water quality in Canaanland, Ota, Southwest Nigeria. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 2(4): 577-583.

Driskell, J. A. (2000). Sports Nutrition: Water. New York: CRC Press.

Ember, L. (1975). The spectra of cancer. Environmental Science and Technology, 9(13):1116-1121.

Emeka, E. E. (2015). Comparative analysis of effluent discharge from Emene industrial area of Enugu, Nigeria, with national and international standards. Civil and Environmental Research, 7(9): 84-92.

Fenkes, M., Shiels, H. A., Fitzpatrick, J. L. and Nudds, R. L. (2016). The potential impacts of migratory difficulty, including warmer waters and altered flow conditions, on the reproductive success of salmonid fishes. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 193(3):11-21.

FEPA. Federal Environmental Protection Agency. S.1.8 National Environmental Protection Agency (Effluent discharge limitation; 1991).

Hem, J. S. (1989). Study and interpretation of the chemical characteristics of natural water, third edition, US Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2254, Alexandria, VA 22304.

Hiscock, K. M. (2005). Hydrogeology Principles and Practice, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Hossain, M. A., Uddin, M. K., Molla, A. H., Afrad, M. S. I., Rahman, M. M. and. Rahman, G. K. M. M. (2010). Impact of industrial effluents discharges on degradation of natural resources and threat to food security. The Agriculturist, 8(2): 80-87.

Javed, M. and Usmani, N. (2013). Assessment of heavy metal (Cu, Ni, Fe, Co, Mn, Cr, Zn) pollution in effluent dominated rivulet water and their effect on glycogen metabolism and histology of Mastacembelus armatus. SpringerPlus, 2: 390.

Kale, S. D. and Bandela, N. N. (2016). Study of physico-chemical parameters of waste water effluents from Waluj industrial area, Aurangabad. Journal of Applicable Chemistry, 5(6): 1307-1314.

Kulandaivel, S., Srivaishnavi, P., Kaleeswari, P. and Mohanapriya P. (2014). Degradation and adsorption of industrial effluents by consortium of microbes isolated from agro forestry soil. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3(12): 883-894.

Langård S (1990). One hundred years of chromium and cancer: a review of epidemiological evidence and selected case reports. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 17(2): 189-215.

Lokhande, R. S., Singare, P. U. and Pimple, D. S. (2011). Study on physico-chemical parameters of waste water effluents from Taloja industrial area of Mumbai, India. International Journal of Ecosystem, 1(1): 1-9.

Kumar, M. and Puri, A. (2012). A review of permissible limits of drinking water. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 16(1): 40-44.

Mohan, S. V., Mohan, S. K. and Reddy, S. J. (2000). Determination of organic matter in water using organo-metal complexes. Water Research, 34(15): 3761-3764.

Moldovan, Z. (2005). Determination of organic pollutants structure detected in river sediment by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Studia Universitatis Babes¬bolyai, Physica, L, 3: 53-59.

Moore, J. W., and Ramamoorthy, S. (1984). Heavy metals in natural waters: applied monitoring and impact assessment, Springer-Verlag, New York.

Nazir, R., Khan, M., Masab, M., Rehman, H. U., Rauf, N. U., Shahab, S., Ameer, N., Sajed, M., Ullah, M., Rafeeq, M. and Shaheen, Z. (2015). Accumulation of heavy Metals (Ni, Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb, Zn, Fe) in the soil, water and plants and analysis of physicochemical parameters of soil and water collected from Tanda Dam Kohat. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 7(3): 89-97.

Ogundiran, M. A., Fawole, O. O., Adewoye, S. O. and Ayandiran, T. A. (2010). Toxicological impact of detergent effluent on juvenile of African Catfish (Clariasgariepinus) (Buchell 1822). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 1(3): 330-342.

Ogundiran, M. A. and Fawole, O. O. (2014). Assessment of the impacts of industrial effluent discharges on the water quality of Asa River, Ilorin, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 8(7): 80-98.

Olaniyi, I., Raphael, O. and Nwadiogbu, J. O. (2012). Effect of industrial effluent on the surrounding environment. Archives of Applied Science Research, 4(1): 406-413.

Onuegbu, T. U., Umoh, E. T. and Onwuekwe I. T. (2013). Physico-chemical analysis of effluents from Jacbon Chemical Industries Limited, makers of Bonalux emulsion and gloss paints. International Journal of Science and Technology, 2(2): 169-173.

Owa, F. D. (2013). Water pollution: sources, effects, control and management. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(8): 65-68.

Patil, P. N., Sawant, D. V. and Deshmukh, R. N. (2012). Physicochemical parameters for testing of water – A review. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(3): 1194-1207.

Praveen, K. P., Ganguly, S., Kumar, K. and Kumari K. (2016). Water pollution and its hazardous effects to human health: a review on safety measures for adoption. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 5(3): 1559-1563.

Pujar, A.S., Yadawe, M. S., Pujeri, U. S., Hiremath, S. C., Balappanavar, V., Hiremath, S., Hiremath, V., Mathapati, S. and Hiremath, D. (2014). Determination of BOD, COD, DO and other physico-chemical properties of sugar and cement industries. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 5(6): 1075-1078.

Sa’eed, M. D. and Mahmoud, A. M. (2014). Determination of some physicochemical parameters and some heavy metals in boreholes from Fagge L.G.A of Kano metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria. World Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2(2): 42-46.

Said, T. O. and Hamed, M. A. (2006). Determination of persistent organic pollutants in water of new damietta harbour, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 32(1): 235-245.

Sharma, S., Singh, A., Mathur, N. and Verma, A. (2014). Studies on the characterization of textile industrial waste water in Jaipur City. International Journal of Current Chemical Sciences, 3(1): 1-3.

Tiwana, N.S. Jerath, N. Singh, G. and Ravleen, M. (2005). Heavy metal pollution in Punjab rivers. Environmental Information System, 3(1): 3-7.

Winter, T. C., Harvey, J. W., Franke, O. L. and Alley, W. M. (1998). Ground water and surface water; a single resource." Circular 1139, United States Geological Survey (USGS).

WHO (2003). Total dissolved solids in drinking-water, Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, World Health Organization 2003.




How to Cite