CHARACTERIZATION AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF ETHNO-CULTURAL TOURISM RESOURCES IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Aliyu Hassan Ibrahim
  • Hassan Ibrahim Adamu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-502

Keywords:

Natural, Tourism, Infrastructure, Government, Community

Abstract

The paper examined the spatial distribution and characteristics of ethno-cultural tourism resources available in different ethnic communities in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The sampled communities are Ham, Fulani, Hausa, Kagoro, Adara and Gbagyi, field observations were also carried out for holistic resource inventory in the ethnic communities. Documentary data were obtained from desk review method; information on tourism resources available in each ethnic community.  The findings of the study reveal that the ethno-cultural resources were characterized into three groups that are made up of archaeological/historical monuments, cultural and festival activities, and artifacts; while the nature-based tourism, resources were also sub-divided into geomorphic and hydrological features. The study recommends that  There is the need for private public partnership (PPP) to foster visible ethno-cultural tourism development projects (tourism potential development, provision of social amenities to enhance competitive advantage and enlightenment campaigns), since the local and state Governments (basically in terms of infrastructural developing and policy issue that will providing an enabling environment for tourism projects to strive) cannot do all or meet all the yearnings of the people.

References

Abba, M. (2007). An Assessment of the Tourism Resources of Rurum, Kano State, Nigeria, An Unpublished MSc. Thesis, Submitted to the Department of Geography, ` Bayero University Kano.

Bolnick, S. (2003). The Ethno-Cultural Tourism Industry: Promoting the Culture Sectorthrough Job Creation and Small EnterprisE Development in SADC Countries. SEEDWorking Paper No. 50, sponsored by International Labour Office, Geneva.

Boud-Bovy, M. and Lawson, F. (1998). Tourism and Recreation Development. A Handbook of Physical planning and Design. The Architectural Press Limited: London.

Catley, A. and Mariner, J. (2002). Where There is no Data: Participatory Approaches to Veterinary Epidemiology in Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa. London, International Institute for Environment and Development, Issues Paper 110:1 – 29.

Chambers, R. (1996). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. London, Longmann Publications.

Darling, P. J. (1989). Archaeology and the Dating of Historical Events in Kano. BAR International Series, 211, Oxford.

Darling, P. J. (1984). Archaeology and History in Southern Nigeria. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology. BAR International Series, 215, 1-515, Oxford.

Darling, P. J. (1995). The Rape of Nok and Kwatakwashi: The Crisis in Nigerian Antiquities: Oxford. African Legacy, School of Conservation Sciences; Bournemouth University, Dorset House, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow; Poole BH1 2 5BB.

Darling, P. J. (1998). Aerial Archaeology in Africa: The Challenge of a Continent. Aerial Archaeology News (AARGNews 17), Bournemouth, Dorset BH8 8LT, England.

Falade, O. (2001). The Economic Implications of Developing Tourism in the Three Tiers of Government in Nigeria. In Aremu, D.A. (ed.) Cultural and Eco-Tourism Development in Nigeria. The Role of the Three-Tiers of Government and the Private Sector. Ibadan: Hope Publications.

Falola, J. A. (2008). Small and Medium Enterprises (SME’s): Development of Tourism and Hospitality Sector in Nigeria, A Paper presented at a seminar, organized by NIHOTOURS (National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism), Bagauda Lake Hotel, Kano.

Fatiregun, A. A. (1999): “A brief history of traditional African architecture (with 50 illustrations), Ilesa, Fatiregun press Ltd. Pp 11-37.

Frangialli, F. (2002): Tourism, Sustainable Development and Poverty Alleviation, Address Delivered at the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Fortman, Bus de Gay (2003): Poverty and Global Entitlement. Fadure, Development Issues. 5(1). Pp. 16-17.

Guijt, I. and Veldhuizen L.(1998). What Tools? Which steps?: “Comparing PRA and PRD”. London, International Institute for Environment and Development, Issues Paper 79:1–28.

IATA, (2006). International Air Transport Association, The Business Environment of the Travel and Tourism Industry. GENEVA:IATA. Pp. 1-59.

Ibrahim, A. H. (2015). Harnessing the Ethno-cultural Potentials for Tourism Development in Kaduna Sate, Nigeria. An unpublished PhD thesis, submitted to the Department of Geography, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria.

Kindon S., Pain, R. and Kesby, M. (2007). Participatory action research approaches and methods: connecting people, participation and place. Routledge.

Komla, E. E. and Veirier, L. (2014). Tourism, Culture and Development in West-Africa: For a Cultural Tourism Consistent with Sustainable Development. UNESCO Publishing, Paris.

KSML&S (2012). Kaduna State Ministry of Land and Survey, Maps and GIS Department, Kaduna.

Mitchell, C. W., (1991) Terrain Evaluation. Second Edition, New York: Congman Scientific and Technical Publications. In Abba, M. (2007), Unpublished MSc Thesis in Land Resource Development, Department of Geography Bayero University Kano.

Müller, D. and Pettersson, P. (2005) “What and Where is the Indigenous at an Indigenous Festival?” In Chris Ryan and Michelle Aicken (Eds.) Indigenous Tourism. The Commodification and Management of Culture. Elsvier. Pp. 12.15.

Nabasa J. R., Walker G. and Were G. F. (1995). Participatory Rural Appraisal: Practical Experience. Uganda, Natural Resource Institute.

NPC, (2006). Population and Housing Census, 2006. National Population Commission, Abuja, Nigeria.

Rogers, C. (1983). “The Origins and Practice of Participatory Rural Appraisal.” World Development 22(7): 953-969.

Sheriff, A. M. (2005). “Evolution and Benefits of Argungu Fishing and Cultural Festival” A paper presented at Atlas conference on the theme: Realms of Creativity in Tourism, organized by NIHOTOURS (National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism Studies), Bagauda Lake Hotel, Kano.

Sheriff, A. M. (2010). “Tourism: A Tool for Poverty Alleviation” A paper presented at the national sensitization workshop on religion, culture and tourism: The importance ofTourism Education. Held at Tahir Guest Palace, Kano.

Tijjani, O. N. (2007). Evaluation of Community-Based Conservation Policy in Old Oyo National Park. An Unpublished PhD Thesis Submitted to the Department of Geography, Bayero University Kano.

Titus, A., Anim, A., Demitrus, O. and Ewa, E. (2012). An Assessment of Tourism Benefits to the Ethnic Becheeve People of Obudu Mountain Resort, Cross River state. Greener Journal of Social Science, Vol. 2 (1), Pp. 28-40, ISSN: 2276-7800.

Ubale, J. S. (2010). Rural Planning in Kaduna State: An Evaluation of Some Ethnic Groups Concentration in the Rural Areas. An Unpublished Post Graduate Diploma Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.

WTO, (1999), Guide for Local Authorities on Developing Sustainable Tourism, Supplementary Volume on Sub-Saharan Africa, Madrid-Spain: World Tourism Organization.

WTO, (2004): World Tourism Organization. Tourism, a Force for Sustainable Development, 19th OSCE Economic Forum, Prague, Czech Republic.

Yunis, E. (2004). Sustainable Tourism and Poverty alleviation, World Bank – ABCDE Conference Europe, Organized by WTO, held at Brussel, Belgium. 10th May, 2004.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Ibrahim, A. H., & Adamu, H. I. (2020). CHARACTERIZATION AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF ETHNO-CULTURAL TOURISM RESOURCES IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(4), 126 - 143. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-502

Most read articles by the same author(s)