IOT BASED HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICITY ENERGY MONITORING AND CONTROL

Authors

  • Abubakar Salisu
  • Aminu Bugaje
  • A. Z. Loko

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-501

Keywords:

ESP 32 microcontroller, IoT, MATLAB, Thingspeak, MathWorks, WIFI module

Abstract

Internet of Things (loT) has opened up a myriad of applications in many areas, including medical and healthcare networks, smart home control, and environmental surveillance. IoT is supposed to bring about a large amount of progress in the ubiquitous computing sector. IoT-based energy management programs may allow a significant contribution to energy conservation. Therefore, this paper focuses on the design and implementation of an IoT based household electricity energy monitoring and electric bulb remote control for the reduction of electrical wastage using ESP 32-bit microcontroller. The ESP 32 microcontroller was used as the brain of the entire system which processes the energy consumption, temperature reading. Temperature monitoring can assist tremendously in the explosion and burning incidence avoidance, thereby saving lives and properties. The ESP32 microcontroller also handles the internet connectivity via its inbuilt WIFI module in order to transmit the real-time energy consumption, temperature reading, and electric bulb remote control over the internet. A MATLAB app was designed to serve as user interface for monitoring the household electricity energy consumption, temperature reading and electric bulb remote control via Thingspeak cloud server from MathWorks (makers of MATLAB) and also monitors the temperature and electricity consumed by the pressing iron and the hair dryer. Whenever, the electricity consumption or temperature reading exceeds the set threshold on the MATLAB app, a notification is sent to the user’s Email. The system could be used for reducing the wastage of electrical energy in the house by proper scheduling and monitoring of the appliances.

References

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D Pavithra and Ranjith Balakrishnan, "IoT based Monitoring and Control System for Home Automation", Proc. IEEE Conf. Global Conference on Communication Technologies (GCCT), pp. 169-173, 2015.

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AH Shajahan and A Anand, "Data acquisition and control using Arduino-Android platform", Energy Efficient Technologies for Sustainability (ICEETS), pp. 241-244, April 2013.

SH Ju, YH Lim, MS Choi and JM Baek, "An Efficient Home Energy Management System Based on Automatic Meter Reading", pp. 479-484, April 2015.

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Donald G. Fink, H. Wayne Beatty, “Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, Eleventh Edition”, Mc-Graw Hill,1978, 0-07-020974-X, pp. 10-51 - 10-57

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ThingSpeak for IoT, Nl.mathworks.com, 2020 [Online]. Available: https://thingspeak.com/pages/commercial_learn_more [Accessed: 08- Jul- 2020].

S. Thakare, A. Shriyan, V. Thale, P. Yasarp and K. Unni, "Implementation of an energy monitoring and control device based on IoT", 2016 IEEE Annual India Conference (INDICON), 2016. Available: 10.1109/indicon.2016.7839066 [Accessed 6 July 2020].

K. Gill, S.-H. Yang, F. Yao and X. Lu, "A ZigBee-based home automation system", IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 422-430, 2009.

D Pavithra and Ranjith Balakrishnan, "IoT based Monitoring and Control System for Home Automation", Proc. IEEE Conf. Global Conference on Communication Technologies (GCCT), pp. 169-173, 2015.

M. Kovatsch, M. Weiss and D. Guinard, "Embedding internet technology for home automation", Proc. IEEE Conf. Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA) 2010, pp. 1-8, 2010.

R. Bhilare and S. Mali, "IoT based smart home with real time E-metering using E-controller", Proc. IEEEConf. Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), pp. 1-6, Dec 2015.

R. Piyare and M. Tazil, "Bluetooth based home automation system using cell phone", IEEE 15th International Symposium on Consumer Electronics (ISCE), pp. 192-195, 2011.

R. A. Ramlee, M. H. Leong, R. S. Sarban Singh, M. M. Ismail, M. A. Othman, H. A. Sulaiman, M. H. Misran, M. Said, M. Alice et al., "Bluetooth remote home automation system using android application", The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 149-153, 2013.

AH Shajahan and A Anand, "Data acquisition and control using Arduino-Android platform", Energy Efficient Technologies for Sustainability (ICEETS), pp. 241-244, April 2013.

SH Ju, YH Lim, MS Choi and JM Baek, "An Efficient Home Energy Management System Based on Automatic Meter Reading", pp. 479-484, April 2015.

R. Santos, Getting Started with the ESP32 Development Board, 2020. [Online]. Available:https://randomnerdtutorials.com/getting-started-with-esp32/ [Accessed: 08- Jul- 2020].

Donald G. Fink, H. Wayne Beatty, “Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, Eleventh Edition”, Mc-Graw Hill,1978, 0-07-020974-X, pp. 10-51 - 10-57

Elkor Technologies, Introduction to Current Transformers 2006.[Online]. Available http://www.elkor.net/pdfs/AN0305-Current_Transformers.pdf [Accessed: 08- Jul- 2020].

ThingSpeak for IoT, Nl.mathworks.com, 2020 [Online]. Available: https://thingspeak.com/pages/commercial_learn_more [Accessed: 08- Jul- 2020].

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Salisu, A., Bugaje, A., & Loko, A. Z. (2020). IOT BASED HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICITY ENERGY MONITORING AND CONTROL . FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(4), 77 - 84. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2020-0404-501