• Gabriel Unekwu Amana
  • Clement Ameh Yaro
  • Udeme Udo Afia
  • Joshua Idakwo
  • Lucky Enemona Ocheje
Keywords: Prevalence, age, gender, asymptomatic


An epidemiological study of malaria prevalence carried out in Ajiyolo community of Dekina Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. Blood samples were obtained from 214 consented asymptomatic participants from two (2) Primary Schools in Ajiyolo community. Rapid Diagnostic Test kits were used to detect malaria parasites in the blood. From the 214 participants examined, 80 (37.38%) were positive with malaria parasites. The group under age ten (U10) years had the highest malaria prevalence of 50.0% than the age-group of above ten (A10) with prevalence of 29.55%. The females (37.50%) had a higher prevalence than males (37.27%). There is no significant difference in prevalence between male and female, and also between males and females aged below 10 and above 10. The study has revealed that malaria disease can affect all age groups and both males and females’ sexes. Due to the high prevalence of asymptomatic malaria in this area, public enlightenment efforts need to be intensified towards the prevention of malaria, future interventions should be directed toward controlling malaria; thus, large-scale distribution of insecticide-treated nets or use of indoor residual spraying should be encouraged, and school aged children should be screen for malaria at interval, curative and prophylactic dose should be administered to pupils.


Cabe, J. (2001). Washington State Department of Health, 2011 Reporting and Surveillance Guidelines. National Institute of Health New Release; 1 -2.

Epidi, T.T., Nwani, C.D. and Ugorji, N.P. (2008). Prevalence of malaria in blood donors in Abakaliki Metropolis, Nigeria. Scientific Research and Essay; 3(4): 162-164.

Fawole, O.I. and Onadeko, M.O. (2001). Knowledge and management of malaria in under five children by primary health care workers in Ibadan South-east local government area. West African Journal of Medicine; 20(2): 152-157.

Federal Ministry of Health and Roll Back Malaria (2014). National malaria strategic plan 2014-2020. Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Health, National Malaria Elimination Programme, & Roll Back Malaria.

Gomez-Elipe, A., Otero, M., Van Herp, and A. Aguirre-Jaime (2007). “Forecasting Malaria Incidence Based on Monthly Case report and Environmental Factors in
Karuzi, Burundi 1997-2003”. Malaria journal, 6(1): 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-6-129

Hay, S.I., Guerra, C.A., Tatem, A.J. and Snow, R.W. (2005). ‘’Urbanisation, Malaria Transmission and Disease Burden in Africa’’ Nature Review Microbiology, 3:81-90. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro1069

Ibekwe, A.C., Okonko, I.O., Onunkwo, A.I., Ogun, A.A., Udeze, A.O. and Ejembi, J. (2009). Comparative prevalence level of Plasmodium in Freshmen (first year students) of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Akwa, South-Eastern, Nigeria. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 5: 51 – 54.

Iyaji, F.O., John, R., Amana, G.U. and Yaro, C.A. (2015). Epidemiological Study of Malaria in Selected Primary Schools in Egume, Dekina Local Government Area, Kogi State, Nigeria. Journal of Biological and Chemical Research, 32(2): 914 – 919.

Jamieson, D.J., Theiler, R.N. and Ramussen, S.A. (2006). Emerging Infection and Pregnancy. Emerging Infectious disease 12:1638-1643. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1211.060152

Keiser, J., Utzinger, J., Aldesdecastro, M., Smith, T., Tanner, M. and Singer, B. (2004). ‘Urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa and Implication for Malaria Control’. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 71 (2):118:27.

Mbanugo, J.I and D.O. Ejims (2000). Plasmodium Infection in Children 0-5 years in Awka Metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Parasitology; 21, 55-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v5i5.21

Michael, K.F., Ralf, H., Khair, M.F. and Achim, H. (2017). Malaria Reemergence in Northern Afghanistan. Emerging Infectious Diseases; 13(9): 1402-1404.

National Malaria Elimination Programme (NMEP) NPCN, National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), and ICF International: Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey 2015. Abuja, Nigeria and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NMEP, NPopC, and ICF International; 2016. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/MIS20/MIS20.pdf. Retrieved on 8th may, 2019.

Nkuo-Akenji, T.K., Chi, P.C., Cho, J.F., Ndamukong, K.K. and Sumbele, I. (2006). Malaria and helminths co-infection in children living in a malaria endemic setting of mount Cameroon and predictors of anemia. Journal of Parasitology, 92(6):1191-1195.

Okeke, T.A., Uzochukwu, B.S.C. and Okafor, H.U. (2006). Patent Medicine Seller’s Perspective on Rural Malaria in Nigeria Community. Malaria Journal, 5:97.

Oko, N.F., Odikamnoro, O.O., Uhuo, C.A., Okereke, C.N., Azi, S.O. and Ogiji, E.D. (2014). Epidemiology of malaria among children aged 1 to 15 years in Southeast, Nigeria. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology; 6(11): 390-397. https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2014.0631

Salako, L.A., Ajayi, F.O., Sowunmi, A., Walker, O. (1990). Malaria in Nigeria: a revisit. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 84: 2 – 11.

World Health Organization (2011). World Malaria Report. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
https://www.who.int/malaria/world_malaria_report_2011/9789241564403_eng.pdf. Retrieved on 27th April, 2018.

World Health Organization (2012). World malaria report 2011. Geneva, Switzerland. https://www.who.int/malaria/world_malaria_report_2011/en/. Retrieved on 27th April, 2018.

World Health Organization (2015). World malaria report 2015. Geneva, Switzerland. https://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world-malaria-report-2015/report/en/. Retrieved on 27th April, 2018.

World Health Organization (2019). World malaria report 2020. Geneva, Switzerland. https://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world_malaria_report/en/. Retrieved 28th February, 2020.

Yaro, C.A., Iyaji, F.O. and Tope, M.O. (2017). Rapid Diagnostic Test Kits Detection of Malaria Parasites among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal in Selected Hospitals in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 8: 249 – 258. http://doi.org/10/4236/abb.2017.88018
How to Cite
AmanaG. U., YaroC. A., AfiaU. U., IdakwoJ., & OchejeL. E. (2020). RAPID DIAGNOSTIC DETECTION OF MALARIA PARASITES AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS OF AJIYOLO VILLAGE, DEKINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 4(1), 183 - 189. Retrieved from https://fjs.fudutsinma.edu.ng/index.php/fjs/article/view/37