DETERMINANTS OF MALNUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN IN RURAL FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA
Keywords:Children; Stunting; Wasting; Underweight; Farm households; Nigeria
Malnutrition in children is one of the most serious public health problems in Nigeria and also in the world. Therefore, the objective of the study was to measure the prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight and to assess the socio-economic factors that influence the anthropometric indicators among children residing in rural farm households of Ogun State Nigeria. A cross sectional study was employed and 206 farm households were interviewed using a structured, personally administered questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic factors, maternal characteristics, farm production characteristics and anthropometric measurement was used to gather data for 100 children. Nutri-survey, SPSS and Stata software were used to perform descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses. The summary statistics of nutritional status of children in the study area revealed that the prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting was 70%, 25 % and 8%, respectively. In view of World Health Organisation recommendation into two age disaggregated groups, male children were found to be more stunted and wasted than females in the study area. Age(p<0.05) and sex of the child(p<0.05), Farm size(p<0.01), household size(p<0.05), access to safe water(p<0.05), years of formal education of the household head (p<0.05) and access to health services (p<0.01) are factors that significantly affect the incidence of stunting, underweight and wasting in the study area. Thus, efforts should be made to improve the health services and also provision of safe water to farm households for reducing malnutrition among children.
Bawdekar, M., and Laishram, L. S.(2008). Contextual correlates of child malnutrition in rural Maharashtra. Journal of Biosocial Science, 40:771-786
Cogill, B (2003). Anthropometric Indicators Measurement Guide, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.
de Onis, M. (2000). Measuring nutritional status in relation to mortality Bull World Health Organ Vol.78 No.10 Geneva 2000.
Mengistu K, Alemu K, and Destaw B (2013). Prevalence of Malnutrition and Associated Factors Among Children Aged 6-59 Months at Hidabu Abote District, North Shewa, Oromia Regional State. J Nutr Disorders Ther T1: 001.
Projected Population 2015 based on 2006 census conducted by National Population Commission (NPopC)
Rao, G.R., Ladusingh, L. and Pritamjit, R. (2004): Nutritional Status of children in North Eastern India. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 19, No.3.
Siddiqi M.N., Haque M.N., Goni M. (2011): Malnutrition of under-five children: Evidence from Bangladesh. Asian J Med Sci 2: 113–9.
United Nations University (UNU) 2000. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, (Supplement) UNICEF. 21: 6-17.
Yeasmin S and Islam K (2016): Prevalence and Determinants of Undernutrition among School Age Slum Children in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Journal of Nutrition and Health Sciences. 3(2) 1-8Pp
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2020) Education Program in Nigeria Date Accessed April 4, 2020. https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/education).
World Health Statistics (2009) WHO Child growth standards and the identification of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children, A Joint Statement, WHO and UNICEF, 2009
World Health Organization (WHO) (1995). Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1995 (WHO Technical Report Series, No. 854).
World Health Organization (WHO) (2000). Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD) A global agenda for combating malnutrition World Health Organization, Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments (SDE) Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences