• Joshua S. Apanapudor
  • Sylvester O. Okpako
  • Newton O. Okposo
  • Friday Z. Okwonu
Keywords: Violence, Risk level, Sensitivity analysis, Peace level, Violence-persistent equilibrium


Intra-communal violence perpetrates across various families and factions in a community and this is strongly supported by the undeniable solidarity felt and exhibited by the violent parties for their respective groups. In this research work, we made some assumptions regarding the violence risk level of the human community. Basic mathematical analyses such as the violence-free and the violent-persistent equilibrium points and the basic reproduction number were examined. As a case study, an analysis of the violence risk level of Uvwie local government, Delta State, Nigeria, was carried out, and the data collected via questionnaires revealed that the community is at high risk level of violence, and so violence will occur in most cases. The violence risk level and the peace level perceptions of various categories of the residents of the community were clearly presented and analyzed. The computational software used in this research was the Version 12 Mathematica Programming Software.


Aderibigbe, F.M. And Apanapudor, J.S. (2014): On The Extended Conjugate Gradient Method (Ecgm) Algorithm For Discrete Optimal Control Problems And Some Of Its Features, IOSR Journal Of Mathematics DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/5728-10341622

Ahad, N.A.and Okwonu, F.Z.(2020): COVID-19 Outbreak in Malaysia: Investigation on fatality cases,, Journal of advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology, Vol.20(1), https://doi.org/10.37934/araset.20.1.110 DOI: https://doi.org/10.37934/araset.20.1.110

Apanapudor, J.S. and Olowu, O. O. (2023): The Fixed Lifetime Inventory System with two Products having the same shelf life, pdf from researchgate.net

Apanapudor, J.S., Okwonu, F.Z., Ahad, N. A. , Ogini, N.O. and Yusuf, Z. M.(2023b): Perturbation Analysis and the solution of Linear Systems, AIP Conf.Proc. 2896, 030001, https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0179165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0179165

Apanapudor, J.S. Aderibigbe, F.M. and, Okwonu, F.Z.(2020): An Optimal Penalty Constant for Discrete Optimal Control Problems, J. Physics, Conf. Series, 1529 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1529/4/042073

Apanapudor, J.S. and Aderibigbe, F.M)(2015):On the Justification of the Extended Conjugate Gradient Method (ECGM) Algorithm for Optimal Control Problems, Quest Journals, Journal Research in Applied mathematics, Vol. 2 issues 5 pp. 07-13

Apanapudor, J.S., Okwonu, F.Z., Maduku, E.O. And Izevbizua, O.(2023d): Solvability And Uniqueness Of Solutions Of Two Dimensional Optimization Problems, Fuw Trends In Science And Technology Journal, www.ftstjournal.Com , Vol.8, No. 1, Pp. 182 – 187.

Apanapudor, J.S., Umukoro, J., Okwonu, F.Z.,and Okposo, N. (2023c): Optimal Solution Techniques for Control Problem of Evolution Equations, Science World Journal Vol. 18(3) pp. 503 - 508 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/swj.v18i3.27

Apanapudor, J.S., Akporido, D.K. and Okwonu, F.Z.(2023a): On the Generalized Minimum Cost Flow Problem: An Application in Natural Gas Distribution Networks, FUW Trends in Science and Technology Journal, www.ftstjournal.com, Vol. 8.No. 1, pp.

How to Cite
ApanapudorJ. S., OkpakoS. O., OkposoN. O., & OkwonuF. Z. (2024). A RISK-LEVEL ANALYSIS OF INTRA-COMMUNAL VIOLENCE A CASE STUDY OF UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, DELTA STATE NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 8(2), 123 - 136. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2024-0802-2345