DETERMINATION OF EMISSIONS FROM PROTOTYPE ENGINE FOR GENERATION OF POWER FROM EXHAUST GAS OF GASOLINE GENERATOR
The capacity to produce power from the gases emitted from the exhaust of gasoline generator is a remarkable and admirable accomplishment. But using the prototype engine to provide this power leads to obstruction in the exhaust gas flow line, which tends to affect exhaust gas emissions. Regarding this, emissions from the prototype engine and the lone or sole generator in this research were assessed at various generator speeds and loads. The study found that the emissions of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon from the sole generator were 4.72 %, 4.36 %, and 76 ppm, respectively, while those from the prototype engine were 4.81 %, 4.41 %, and 88 ppm. This was at the minimum generator speed of 1000 rpm and load of 1200 W. The prototype engine's carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon emissions were 2.51 %, 4.97 %, and 34 ppm, respectively, while the sole generator's carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon emissions were 2.39 %, 4.89 %, and 32 ppm respectively, at the maximum generator speed of 5000 rpm and load of 2800 W. At minimum generator speed of 1000 rpm and load of 1200 W, the carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon emissions are, however, slightly higher in the prototype engine than the sole generator by 9%, 5 %, and 12 ppm respectively, and at maximum generator speed of 5000 rpm and load of 2800 W, the carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon emissions are, respectively, slightly higher...
Abd-Alla, G. H. (2002). Using exhaust gas recirculation in internal combustion engines: a review. Energy Conservation and Management, 43(8): 1027-1042.
Ali, K and Mohamad, Q. (2017). Exhaust gas analysis of an eight-cylinder gasoline engine based on engine speed. Energy Procedia,110 (2017):459 – 464
Domenico, D. S., Alex, D O and José, R. S. (2017). Effects of EGR rate on performance and emissions of a diesel power generator fueled by B7. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 39(6):1919–1927.
Fatona, S. A.(2015) Development of an improved Exhaust for a Diesel Internal
Combustion Engine. M. Eng Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna
Hassan, U., Upahi, L.and Ibrahim, M. B (2021) Effect of vehicular emmission on some biochemical parameters and stomata of selected trees along Zaria -Kaduna highway. FUDMA Journal of Sciences, 5(1): 271-277.
Martin, A.E; Gerge, J.N; Fred, G.R;(2012) The Composition of Exhaust Gases from Diesel Gasoline and Propane Powered Motor Coaches. Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association. 5:2, 103-108.
Mbamali, I., Stanley, A. M., Zubairu, I.K(2012). Evironmental, health and social hazards of fossil fuel electricity generators: A users’ assessment in Kaduna, Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 2(9): 237- 245.
Merkisz, J and Siedlecki, M. (2017) Specific emissions analysis for a combustion engine in dynamometer operation in relation to the thermal state of the exhaust gas aftertreatment systems in a modified NRSC test. MATEC Web of Conferences and International Congress on Combustion Engines.
Nkwoada, A., Oguzie, E., Alisa, C., Agwaramgbo, L. l and Enenebeaku, C.(2016).Emissions of gasoline combustion by products in automotive exhausts. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 6(4): 464-482.
Piotr, B; Joseph, W; Andrzej, S; Piotr, P.(2015). The impact of alternative fuels on fuel consumption and exhaust emissions of greenhouse gases from vehicles featuring SI engines. The 12th International Conference on Combustion & Energy Utilisation–12I CCEU. Energy Procedia 66 (2015) 21 – 24.
Sharaf, J (2013) Exhaust emissions and its control technology for an internal combustion engine . International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 3 (4): 947-960
Ukemenam, O. S.(2014). Causes and consequences of air pollution in Nigeria.
South American Journal of Public Health, 2 (2):293-307.
Wang, X., Song, G., Zhai, Z., Wu, Y., Yin, H., & Yu, L. (2021). Effects of Vehicle Load on Emissions of Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks: A Study Based on Real-World Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8) :1-17
Wei H, Zhu T, Shu G, Tan L, Wang Y (2012) Gasoline engine exhaust gas recirculation-a review. Appl Energy, 99:534–544.
Zubair, A.M. (2022). Development of a prototype engine for generation of power from exhaust gas of gasoline generator. Seminar paper presented to Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences