INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT COMPOSTED PLANT MATERIALS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF BELL PEPPER (Capsicum annum L.) IN LAPAI, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
A field experiment was conducted at the Botanical Garden of Biological Science Department, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University during the 2023 cropping season to investigate the influence of different composted plant materials on growth and yield of bell pepper. The three plant materials used were Moringa oleifera fruits, neem fruits and locust beans fruits which were collected and composted. The composted materials were applied each at the rate of 0, 10, 20 and 30kg corresponding to 0, 10, 20 and 30t/ha respectively. These treatments were arranged in a completely randomized block design (RCBD) in three replications. Bell pepper growth and yield attributes measured included plant height, stem girth, number of leaves per plant, leaf area, length of branches, number of flowers per plant (NOFL/PLT), number of fruits per plant (NOF/PLT), fruit diameter (FDM) and fruit weight per plot (FW/PLOT). Data collected on all the mentioned parameters were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using Minitab statistical software version 2017. Means that showed significant differences were separated using Tukey Pairwise Comparison at 5% probability level. Results from the ANOVA indicated that composted plant material (CPM) produced a significant effect on plant height, stem girth, leaf area, number of leaves per plant and length of branches with composted locust beans fruits showing superiority in growth attributes of pepper compared to Moringa oleifera and neem fruits. Composted neem fruits consistently recorded the least effect on all the growth and yield parameters of bell pepper evaluated. It was also observed to produce...
Adaobi, O. (2023). The different types of peppers we have in Nigeria.www.pulse .ng
Aisha H., Shafeek, M. R., Asmaa R.M. and ElDesuki, M. (2014). Effect of various levels of organic fertilizer and humic acid on the growth and roots. Current Sci. Inter., 3 (1), 7-14
Ajayi, O.C. (2017). User Acceptability of Sustainable Soil Fertility Technologies: Lessons from Farmers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Southern Africa. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 30: 21-40
Altaf, M.A.; Shu, H.; Hao, Y.; Zhou, Y.; Mumtaz, M A.;Wang,Z.(2022).Vanadium toxicity induced changes in growth, antioxidant profiling,and vanadium uptake in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings. Horticulturae ,8, 28.
Anthony, E. (2023). A story of pepper, the world’s most important and underappreciated specie. New lines magazine. newlinesmag.com.
Anurag D. (2019). Effect of compost on soil and water properties used in crop productivity.JETIR,Volume 6, Issue 1. www.jetir.org (ISSN-2349-5162).
Bosland, P. W. and E. J. Vatava (2002). Peppers, Vegetables and Spices, Capsicum CABI publishing. Walling Ford; United Kingdom. Pp. 204
Diaz-Perez, J.C., Germishuizen, P and Da Silva, A.L.(2020). Effect of compost application at transplant stage and before planting to the field on plant growth and fruit yield in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Com. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 52, 2793–2802
Emeka, C.C., Akpan, A. U and Emeka, C. P. O. (2023). Effect of Poultry Manure Rates on the Growth and Yield of Pepper (Capsicum annum) in Umudike. World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology.Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 19-23. doi: 10.11648/j.wjast.20230102.11
Lekasi, J. K., Ndugu K.W and Kifuko M.N. (2018). Organic Research Management in Kenya Perspective and Guidelines, forum for organic Research Management and Agricultural Technology (FORMAT)
Khan, M. S. I., Roy, S. S. and Pall, K. K. (2010). Nitrogen and phosphorus efficiency on the growth and yield attributes of Capsicum. Academic Journal of Plant Sciences. 3 (2): 71-78 pp
Kumar, T. S. S and Swarupa, P. U. (2007). “Cultivation practices of black pepper in India–a Review,”International Journal of Innovative Research In Management Studies (IJIRMS), vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 21–27
Muhamman, M.A. and Auwalu, B.M. (2016). Nursery performance of sweet pepper (capsicum annum L) under Different Growth Medium and fertilizer Sources in Northern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria, held at Adamawa state University, Mubi Nigeria.
Olaniyi, J.O and Ojetayo, A.E. (2019).The effect of organomineral and organic manures on growth, fruit yield and quality of pepper (Capsicum frutescences),8(3),1070-1076.
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences