URBAN-RURAL DISPARITIES IN FOOD SECURITY: AN ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA IN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA
Food insecurity remains a critical concern in Nigeria, with significant disparities between rural and urban areas. This study aimed to assess differences in food security status between rural and urban households in Plateau State, Nigeria using discriminant analysis. Questionnaire data were collected from 140 households in one rural and one urban community. Eight measures of food security were assessed, including household size, income, food affordability and accessibility. Discriminant analysis results showed major differences between urban and rural households. Household size, food affordability and a tendency for food shortages were the most significant differentiating variables, with urban households having higher food security. The discriminant model correctly classified 89% of cases, demonstrating good predictive accuracy. Findings indicate substantial urban-rural disparities in food security, likely driven by factors like household size, income and food accessibility. Targeted policies and interventions in rural areas and for larger households may help address gaps in the affordability, availability and accessibility of food. Further research across wider geographic areas can validate and extend these results.
Anriquez, G., Daidone, S., & Mane, E. (2013). Rising food prices and undernourishment: A cross-country inquiry. Food Policy, 38, 190-202.
Bharati, P., Shome, S., Kremlin, W., Lamhauge, N., Pradesha, A., & Reeves, A. (2022). The food affordability crisis in India: Implications for agricultural and rural development. Food Policy, 111, 102524.
FAO. (2019). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019. Safeguarding against economic slowdowns and downturns. Rome. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
FAO. (2021). Nigeria at a glance. Food and Agriculture Organization. http://www.fao.org/nigeria/fao-in-nigeria/nigeria-at-a-glance/en/
FAO. (2021). The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2021: Transforming food systems for food security, improved nutrition and affordable healthy diets for all. Food and Agriculture Organization. https://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb4474en
Gagne, P. (2014). Discriminant Analysis. Graduate School, University of Northern Iowa.
IMF. (2021). Nigeria. https://www.imf.org/en/Countries/NGA
Jain, A., & Chandrasekaran, R. (2022). 56. Dimensionality reduction techniques for efficient classification of high-dimensional data. In A. Silva, L. Antunes & L. Ribeiro (Eds.), Advanced computational methods in life system modeling and simulation (pp. 1009-1028). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85918-3_56
Johnson, R. A., & Wichern, D. W. (2007). Applied multivariate statistical analysis (Vol. 5, No. 8). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
National Bureau of Statistics. (2019). 2019 Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria: Executive summary. https://nigerianstat.gov.ng/download/1092
National Population Commission (2016). Priority tables volume 4: Population distribution by age & sex (state & local government area). National Population Commission. https://census.gov.ng/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Priority-Tables-Volume-4.pdf
Omonona, B. T., Agoi, G. A., Adetokunbo, G. J., & Abumere, O. S. (2019). Spatial differences in determinants of household food insecurity in Nigeria: Implications for food security policy. World Development Perspectives, 15, 100125.
Plateau State Government. (2021). Agricultural activities. https://plateaustate.gov.ng/agricultural-activities/
Rencher, A. C., & Christensen, W. F. (2012). Methods of multivariate analysis (3rd ed.). Wiley.
Sekhampu, T. J. (2012). Determinants of the food security status of households in a South African township. Development Southern Africa, 29(1), 54-66.
Tafamel, A. E., Abdu-Raheem, K. A., & Safianu, A. M. (2020). Application of discriminant analysis in assessing the food security status of rural and urban households in Plateau State, Nigeria. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research, 7(1), 37-44.
World Bank. (2020). Rural population (% of the total population) - Nigeria. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZS?locations=NG
World Bank. (2021). The World Bank in Nigeria. https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/nigeria/overview
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences