• S. Idris
  • M. Adamu
  • M. M. Maiyaki
  • A. T. Mahmud
  • M. A. Haruna
Keywords: Vertisols, productivity, water and nutrient retention; Sudan Savannah, sustainability


Abubakar, M.M., Kutama, A.S., Sulaiman, I.M. and Ringim, A.S (2016).Impact of Climate Change on the Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands: A Review.Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 2(1).Pp 150 – 158

Ahmad, N. 1986. Soil and Agronomic Factors Influencing Fodder Production in the Ethiopian Highlands of East Africa. PSD Working Paper No. B4. International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA) , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp.58.

Ahmad, N., (1983). Vertisols. Pedogenesis and Soil Taxonomy. : In: Wilding, L.P., Smeck, N.E., Hall, G.F. (Eds.), The Soil Orders, vol. II. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Pp. 91–123.

Ahmad, N., (1996) Occurrence and distribution of vertisols. In: Ahmad, N., Mermut, A. (Eds.), Vertisols and Technologies for Their Management. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Pp. 1–41.

Anderson, J.M and Ingram J.S.I (1993). Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A Hand Book of Method. International Walling , U.K. Pp. 38-39.

Asnakew, W., (1987). Physical properties of Ethiopian Vertisols. Proceedings of A conference held at ILCA Adis ababa, Ethiopia, 31 August – 4 September, 1987. Management of Vertisols in Sub-Saharan Africa Pp 111 – 115

Bates, R.G., (1954). Electrometric pH Determinations. John Wiley and sons inc. New York.

Black, C.A., (Ed)(1965) Methods of Soil analysis. NO.9, (2) American Society of Agronomy Madison, Wisconsin. Pp 34, 41.

Blake, G.R., Hartge, K.H. (1986). Bulk Density, Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 1. Soil Science Society of America. Pp 363 -376.

Brady, N.C and Weil R.R (1999). Role of NPK in Plant Nutrition in the nature and Properties of Soil. Prentice Hill Publishers, New Jersey USA.

Bray, R.H. and Kurtz L.T., (1945) Determination of Total Organic and Available Forms of Phosphorus in Soil Soil Science.Pp 59, 39-54.

Coulombe, C.E., Wilding, L.P., Dixon, J.B., (1996). Overview of Vertisols: Characteristicsand Impacts on Society. In: Sparks, D.L. (Ed.), Advances in Agronomy, vol. 57. Academic Press, New York.Pp. 289–375.

Dasog, G.S., Acton, D.F., Mermut, A.R., (1987). Genesis and Classification of Clay Soils with Vertic Properties in Saskatchewan. Soil Science Society of America Journal 51.Pp 1243–1250

Dudal, R. (1965). Dark Clay Soils of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions. Agricultural Development Report 83. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), Rome. Pp 161

Dudal, R., Eswaran, E., (1988). Distribution, Properties and Classification of Vertisols. In:Wilding, L.P., Puentes, R. (Eds.), Vertisols: Their Distribution, Properties, Classification and Management. Texas A andM University Printing Centre, College Station, Texas.Pp. 1–22.

Eswaran, H., Kimble, J., Cook, T., (1988). Properties, Genesis and Classification of Vertisols. Classification, Management and Use Potential of Swell–Shrink Soils: In: HirekerurL.R., Pal, D.K., Sehgal, J.L., Deshpande, S.B. (Eds.), INWOSS, October 24–28, 1988.National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Nagpur.Pp. 1–22.

Eswaran, H., van den Berg, E., (1992). Impact of building of atmospheric CO2 on length of growing season in the Indian sub-continent. Pedology 42, 289–296.

Haladu, H.K., and Bello, A.A., (2014). Prospect and Challenges of Farming in Hadejia-Nguru Wetland in Jigawa state, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management. Vol. 3, 6. Pp 43 -48.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, (1979). Selected Methods for Soil and Plant Analysis. Manual Series No. 1.Pp 4-14, 37.

Jarvis, N.J., Zavattaro, L., Rajkai, K., Reynolds, W.D., Olsen, P.-A., McGechan, M., Mecke, M., Mohanty, B., Leeds-Harrison, P.B., Jacques, D., 2002. Indirect Estimation of Near Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity from Readily Available Soil Information, Geoderma. Pp1–17, 108,.

Jigawa State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority and Institute for AgriculturalResearch, (1997). Detailed Survey Report Vol. III.Pp. 178-179.

Kemper, W.D. and Rosenau, R.C., (Ed) (1986). Aggregate Stability and Size Distribution Methods of Soil Analysis part 1 Agronomy Society of America and Soil Science Society of America Medison. Pp 425 – 442.

Leka, M., Dragutin D. and Marijana P. (2012).Microbial Characteristics of Vertisol Under Different Fertilization Systems. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 13(1).Pp.1 – 9.DOI: 10.5513/JCEA01/13.1.1005.

Mermut, A.R., Padmanabham, E., Eswaran, H., Dasog, G.S., (1996). Pedogenesis. In: Ahmad, N., Mermut, A.R. (Eds.), Vertisols and Technologies for Their Management. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Pp 43–61.

Michael, S.and Dunn, S.M.(2000). Soil: An Introduction(6th ed). Reprinted by Courier Kendall Ville, Pearson Education, Australia

Murthy, R.S., Bhattacharjee, J.C., Landey, R.J., Pofali, R.M., (1982). Distribution, Characteristicsand Classification of Vertisolsand Rice Soils of the Tropics. Symposia Paper II, 12th International Congress of Soil Science, New Delhi. Indian Society of Soil Science. Pp 3–22.

Myers, R.J.K., Pathak, P., (2001). Indian vertisols: ICRISAT's Research Impact — Past, Presentand Future. In: Syers, J.K., Penning de Vries, F.T., Nyamudeza, P. (Eds.), The Sustainable Management of Vertisols. CAB International Publishing, Wallingford.Pp. 203–219.

Ojanuga, A., (2003).Management of Fadama Soil for Environmental Quality.. Proceeding of the 30th Annual conference of Soil Science Society of Nigeria held in the University o Agriculture Makurdi Soc. Management of Fadama Soils for Food Security and Poverty Alleviation. Pp 11, 13-15.

Pal, D.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Chandran, P., Ray, S.K., Satyavathi, P.L.A., Durge, S.L., Raja, P., Maurya, U.K., (2012). Vertisols (cracking clay soils) in a Climosequence of Peninsular, India: Evidence for Holocene Climate changes. Quaternary International.Pp209,6–21.

Roger, B., (2013). An Overview of the Context of the Jewel Project: Access Rights and Conflict Over Common Pool Resources In The Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands. Kay Williamson Educational Foundation 8, Guest Road Cambridge CB1 2AL United Kingdom.

Sobowale, A., Adewumi, J. K. , Otun, J. A. and Adie, D.B., (2010).Water Resources Potentials of Hadejia River Sub-Catchment of Komadugu Yobe River Basin, Nigeria” Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Ejournal. Manuscript 1065. Vol. XII. Pp 26 – 33.

Soil Survey Staff (1993). Soil Survey Manual. Soil Conservation Service, (9th Ed), Wahington, D.C. Pp 187, 192.

Syers, J.K., Penning de Vries, F.T., Nyamudeza, P. (Eds.), (2001). The Sustainable Managementof Vertisols. CAB International Publishing, Wallingford.

Van Bavel C.H.M. (1950). Mean Weight Diameter of Soil Aggregate, Soil Science Society of America, 15. Pp 21- 25.

Virmani, S.M, Sahrawat, K.L., and Burford, J.R (2011). Physical and Chemical Properties of Vertisols and their Management. International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropic. Pp 81-87.

Wilding, L.P., Coulombe, C.E., (1996). Expansive soils: distribution, morphology and genesis.In: Baveye, P., McBride, M.B. (Eds.), Proceedings NATO-ARW on Clay Swellingand Expansive Soils. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Wilding, L.P., Tessier, D., 1988. Genesis of vertisols: shrink–swell phenomenon. In:Wilding, L.P., Puentes, R. (Eds.), Vertisols: Their Distribution, Properties, Classificationand Management. Texas A&M University Printing Centre, College Station, Texas.Pp. 55–79.

How to Cite