EFFECT OF COMPOST PRODUCED WITH COW DUNG ON THE EARLY GROWTH OF Adansonia Digitata L.
This experiment was carried out to determine the effect of different levels of compost produced with Cow dung on the early growth performance of Adansonia digitata. A. digitata seeds were planted in a seed box and transplanted into poly pots after germination with the application of compost produced with Cow dung at a rate of 1kg, 2kg and 3kg per treatment and a control experiment. This experiment was carried out in a Completely Randomized Block Design. Data on plant height, number of leaves, leave area, leave width and collar diameter were recorded. The data were collected weekly for eleven weeks starting from the second week after planting. The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using ANOVA. Result of the experiment revealed the highest mean height (137.63±19.46) was obtained in the control experiment, highest number of leaves (17.67±2.52) was recorded at treatment 4 (3kg), The widest leaf area was recorded at treatment 3 (2kg) (77.98±2.45) and the highest mean collar diameter was recorded is obtained in the control experiment (7.25±2.05). It is deduced that, the compost from cow-dung indicates no significant improvement in the early growth performance of A. digitata; also, different rates of application have different influence on the growth of the plant. In order to obtain optimum growth and yield of A. digitata, proper soil management techniques (such as application of organic manure) should be adopted and to maintain stable soil fertility; application of compost is advisable.
Abeyo, B. G. (2000): Temperature, Planting Depth, and Genotype Effects on Seedling Characteristics and Seeding Rate Effects on Agronomic and Quality Performance of Winter Wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). PhD Thesis, University of Nebraska - Lincoln DAI-B 61/04, 1703.
Baskin, J.M., Baskin, C.C. and Li, X. (2000): Taxonomy, Anatomy and Evolution of Physical Dormancy in Seeds. Plant Species Biology, 15, pp 139-152. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-1984.2000.00034.x
Billy J. Cochran, William A. Carney. Basic Principles of Composting. Pub. 2622 (1M) 4/96. 1914.
Bosch, C. H.; Sié, K.; Asafa, B. A., 2004. Adansonia digitata L. Record from Protabase. Grubben, G.J.H. and Denton, O.A. (Editors). PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressourcesvégétales de l’Afriquetropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands
Chadare FJ. Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, Nout MJ, Van Boekel MA. (2009) Baobab Food Products: a review on their Composition and Nutritional Value. Crit Rev Food SciNutr 49: pp 254-274. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10408390701856330
Chia A. M.; Iortsuun, D.N. and Carthage, B. A. (2008) Studies on The Seedling Growth of Adansonia digitata L. Science World Journal, Vol: 3 (1). Pp 21 - 24 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/swj.v3i1.51766
Climate: Jos – Climate Graph, Temperature Graph, Climate Table. https://en.climate-data.org/africa/nigeria/plateau/jos-46664/
De Caluwé E, Halamová K, Van Damme P (2010). Adansonia digitata L. – A Review of Traditional uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology. Afrika Focus, 23: pp 11-51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/2031356X-02301005
Eltun, R., Korsaeth, A., and Nordheim, O., “A Comparison of Environmental, Soil Fertility, Yield, and Economical Effects in Six Cropping Systems Based on an 8-year Experiment in Norway”, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 90(2): pp 155-168, 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00198-0
Encyclopaedia of Life (2015): Baobab (Adansonia digitata) - Information on Baobab- Encyclopaedia of Life". Retrieved May 17 2015.
Falemara, B.C., Chomini, M.S., Thlama, D.M. and Udenkwere, (2014). M. Pre-Germination and Dormancy Response of Adansonia digitata l. Seeds to Pre-Treatment Techniques and Growth Media. European Journal of Botany Plant Sciences and Pathology, Vol: 2(1): pp 13-23.
FAO. Preparations and Use of Compost. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA). 2010.
Grundy, A E, Meand AR and Sound, W 1996 Modeling the Effect of Weed-Seed Distribution in the Soil Profile on Seedling Emergence Weed Research 36: pp 375-376. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1996.tb01667.x
Hankey, Andrew (2004). . "Adansonia digitata A L." plantzafrica. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
Iqtidar, H., Ayyaz, K.M., and Ahmad, K.E.,(2006) Bread Wheat Varieties as Influenced by Different Nitrogen Levels”,Journal Zhejiang University Science, Vol: 7(1): pp 70-78, 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.B0070
Ismael, F.M., Abusuwar, A.O., and El Naim, A.M., (2012)“Influence of Chicken Manure on Growth and Yield of Forage Sorghum (Sorghum bicolour L. Moench)”,International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, Vol:2(2):pp 56-60, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5923/j.ijaf.20120202.09
Kaboré D, HagrétouSawadogo-Lingani, BréhimaDiawara, Clarisse S Compaoré, Mamoudou H Dicko, MogensJakobsen (2011). African Journal of Food Science Vol:5 (16), pp 833-844, 2011
Kamatou GPP, Vermaak I, Viljoen AM (2011). An Updated Review of Adansonia Digitata: a Commercially Important African tree. South African Journal of Botany 2011; 77: pp 908-919 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2011.08.010
Kenneth F. Egbadzor (2019). Baobab Diversity, Seed Germination and Early Growth. Department of Agro Enterprise Development, Faculty of Applies Sciences and Technology, Ho Technical University. http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/763177bioRxiv. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/763177
Luna, Tara; Wilkinson, Kim; Dumroese, R. Kasten (2009) Seed Germination and Sowing Options. In: Dumroese, R. Kasten; Luna, Tara; Landis, Thomas D., editors. Nursery manual for native plants: A Guide for Tribal nNrseries - Volume 1: Nursery Management. Agriculture Handbook 730. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.. pp 133-151
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences