• Y. U. Oladimeji
  • A. C. Eze
  • S. Abdulrahman
  • A. A. Sani
Keywords: Budget share, double hurdle, expenditure, fast foo


The study was carried out to determine the factors affecting fast food consumption among Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria students. Primary Data from 240 students from four faculties collected through a multi-stage sampling procedure using a structured interview schedule were used for data analysis. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and a double hurdle regression model. The result shows that 52% of student expenditure per semester was allotted to fast food and lunch constituted 36.9% of total fast food expenditure. Snacks, noodles (popularly known as Indomie) and fried rice were the mostly consumed fast food with the value of 29.9%, 24.2%, and 12.8% respectively. The pooled results indicates that the factors that influence the students’ decision to consume fast food shows slight variation from those influencing level of consumption and where it does, not by the same magnitude and direction. For instance, age (p<0.01), education (p<0.01), sex (p<0.01), Time Spent Away From Hostels (TSAF) (p<0.05) and distance trekked to eat out (p<0.01) were found to significantly influence the student's decision. In contrary, age (p<0.10), education (p<0.05), allowance (p<0.05), TSAF (p<0.10), distance (p<0.10) influenced the level of fast food consumption significantly. The study also identified reasons for consuming fast food products were loaded on economic, social and academic factors with time constraints, peer group and convenience as the most cogent reasons for consuming fast food. There should be an appropriate policy by the Ahmadu Bell University administration to ensure the establishment of more standard fast food restaurants,


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