ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION IN HADEJIA METROPOLIS, JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA
Heavy metal content in groundwater sources is of growing concern, as they are known to be persistent in nature and have been found to bio-accumulate in animals and plants. They have been found to cause detrimental health effects to human beings; therefore these necessitate the need to assess level of heavy metals in water sources. This study was carried out to evaluation the quality of groundwater samples from twenty five selected boreholes in Hadejia and Atafi Districts of Hadejia Local Government Area, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Selected heavy metals:- Cadmium, Chromium, Iron, Manganese and Lead were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results showed that concentrations of Cr(0243 – 0.358mg/L), and Fe(0.967 – 1.359mg/L) were found to be above the maximum permissible limit of Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality and World Health Organization, while, Cd, Mn, and Pb concentrations are below or within the permissible limit in majority of the boreholes. The values for physicochemical variables pH, and TDS were found to be below or within the permissible limit set by the World Health Organization and Nigerian standard for Drinking Water Quality. There is a growing concern about the dangerous health implication of hexavalent chromium consumption in drinking water. It can cause skin and eye irritation, asthma, nasal ulcers, convulsions, acute gastroenteritis, and damage to the liver and kidneys. High iron in water content leads to an overload which can cause diabetes, hemochromatosis, stomach problem, and nausea, it can also damage the liver, pancreas, and heart.
Abong’o D.A, Onyatta J.O, Hinga M (2017): The Effect of Septic Tanks Sewage Disposal System Distances On tap Water Quality in Ongata Rongai, Kajiado County, Kenya: European International Journal of Science and Technology 6 :1-10
American society for Testing and Material (2004). Annual book of ASTM standards, water and environmental technology, vol.11.01, water (i) ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
APHA (2005). Standard Methods for the examination of water and waste water, 21ST ed. American Public Health Association. APHA: Washingto, D.C.
Friberg L., Nordberg G. F., Vouk V. B., eds. (1986) Handbook of the toxicology of metals, 2: 55-70Fugusson J. E. (1990): The heavy elements: Chemistry, Environmental impact and Health Effects. Oxford: Pergamon Press pp. 211-212
Gautam K. R., Sharma K. Sanjay, Mahiya S, Chattopadhyaya (2014): Contamination of Heavy metals in aquatic media-Metals in Aquatic Media: Transport, Toxicity and Technologies for Remediation. Government of Kenya (GoK), (2002a): Water Act Chapter 372. National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General.Government of Kenya.
Jeje J.O., Oladepo K.T. (2014): Assessment of Heavy Metals of tanks and Hand Dug Wells in Ife North Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria, International Journal of Science and Technology 3:4 210-213
Lapworth, D.J., Nkhuwa, D.C.W., et al. (2017): Urban groundwater quality in sub-Saharan Africa: current status and implications for water security and public health. Hydrogeol Journal, 25:1093–1116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-016-1516-6
Mathias, R.S. (1992): Principle of Water Quality, 4th ed. Fergamon press, Oxford London.
Matthess, G. (1982). The properties of ground water, New York, John Willey and sons.
Nigerian standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) .2007. Nigerian Industrial Standard. NIS 554:2007 ICs 13.060.20
Pitt R, Clark S. & Field R. (1999): Groundwater contamination potential from stormwater infiltration practices. Urban Water 1:217–236.
Ramesh K. & Elango L., (2011): Groundwater quality and its suitability for domestic and agricultural use in Tondiar river basin, Tamil Nadu, India. Environmental monitoring and assessment. 184: 3887-99.
Ros J.P.M & Slooff W. (1987): Integrated criteria document. Cadmium. Bilthoven, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection. Report No. 758476004.
WHO (2011): Zinc in Drinking-water Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
World Health Organization (2014): Chemicals of Public Health concern and their management in the African Region.9
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
FUDMA Journal of Sciences