FARMERS' PERCEPTION OF FADAMA SOIL FERTILITY ALONG CHALLAWA RIVER, KANO STATE, NIGERIA
The failure to adequately address farmersâ€™ perception in soil studies have been identified as a limiting factor against the prospect of full realization of benefits of some soil related studies. This study was carried out in an area located between latitudes11Â° 02 â€² 00 â€²â€² N, 11Â° 3 â€² 43â€² N, and longitudes 08Â° 41â€² 35 â€²â€² E, 08Â° 57 â€² 06 â€²â€² along River Challawa, Kano State, Nigeria. Seven of farmers were first identified and then respondents were selected using simple random sampling technique. Structured questionnaires were collected from sixty Fadama farmers. The data was analysed by the used of tables, percentage and kruskal wallisâ€™ test. The result for the socio-economic analysis shows that 25% were aged 36 to 40 (56 as their mean) years. There were 86.7% males against 13.3% females Fadama farmers in the area. The mean income of the farmers was found to be N. On fertility dynamics, 68.4% were of the view that fertility levels were not fixed, rather fertility indicators were variable. Also, 83.3% of the respondents indicated that soil fertility problems could be overcome through the practice of bush fallowing. Similarly, 81% of the farmers suggested that fertility could be best tackled when organic and inorganic fertilizer were applied simultaneously. Late growth and maturity of crops were the major indicators of fertility decrease according to 33.3% of the respondents. Finally, the study recommends creating more avenues for the education of the local farmers, training and retraining and creation of bioorganic fertilizer production plants.
Abdullahi, M; Uzadru, A; Okunola, O; Balarabe, M. (2016). Seasonal Quality Assessment of Agriculture soils along the Bank of Tungan Kawo Dam, Kontagora, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment. 5, 132 â€“ 151 â€“ doi; 10, 4236/jacen 2016, 53015
Ademola, K.B (2002). Integrating Indigenous Knowledge and Soil to Develop a National Soil Classification Soil System for Nigeria. Springer link, Agriculture and Human values. March 2002, volume 29, issue 1, pp â€“ 75 â€“ 80.
Adeyeye, E.I. (2005). Trace of Metals in Soils and Plants from Fadama Farms in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Bulleting of chemical society of Ethiopia, 9, 23 â€“ 34
Adeyeye, E.I; Omolaye; F.O. (2008). Phisico â€“ Chemical Properties of three Fadama Farms Site Soils in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Orient Jehem 2008; 24(1)
Ahmed, K. (2006). The Physical Environment of Kano State, www.kanostate.net/physicalenvironment.html.
Ahmed, S. (2009). Methods in Sample Surveys: Cluster Sampling. Dept. of Biostatistics School of Hygiene and Public Health Johns Hopkins University. Visited on 6/9/2015
Ashraf, M. and Qasim, M. (2019). Impact of Education on Farmers Earning: A House Hold Survey Data Analysis. Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 10(1) pp. 200-213. http://www.interesjournals.org/ER DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/er.2019.234.
Domchang, M; Nathan, A.L; Williams, M; Selchak, B.G; Stephen; A.A (2014). Assessment of some Micronutrients (2n an cu) Status of Fadama Soils under Cultivation Bauchi, Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health care, ISSN 2225 â€“ 093 x (on line) vol.4 No. 24, 2014
Fanuel, L; Kibebew, K; Tekalign, M. (2017). Farmersâ€™ Soil Knowledge, Fertility Management Logic and its Linkage with Scientifically Analysed Soil Properties in Southern Ethiopia. Agricultural and Food Security 2017 6:57 https://www.lldoi.org/10.1186/40066-017-0138-0
Idoga, S. (2006). Characteristics, Classification and uses of Fadama Soils in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue state, Nigeria. In: Idoga, S; Ayuba, S.A; Ali, A. Agbede, O.O and Ojeniyi S.O (eds). Management of Fadama soil for Environmental Quality â€“ food security and property Alleviation in Nigeria. Preceedings of the 30th Annual conference of soil science society of Nigeria, University of Agriculture, Makurdi Nigeria. pp 32 â€“ 37
Imadojemu, P.E, Osujieke, D.N. and Obasi, S.N (201). 7Evaluation of Fadama Soils along a Toposequence Proximal to River Donga in Wukari Area of Northeast Nigeria. International of Agriculture and Rural Development. Volume 20(2): 3150-3158, 2017
Jamala, G.Y, Shehu, H.E, Musa, A.M and Abraham, P. (2012). Evaluation of fertility status and irrigation potentials of selected Fadama soils in Adamawa State, North-eastern Nigeria. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 3(7), pp. 176-181. DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM11.105 ISSN 2141-2391.
Jauro, A.G; Udom, G.N; Mustapha, S. (2006). Soil Fertility Status of Fadama Land in the Northern and Central Zones of Plateau state, Nigeria. Journal of Environment sciences, 10,35 â€“ 44.
Kefas, P.K., Zata, A.I., Philip, H.J., Ukabiala, M.E. and Ezekiel, T.N. (2016). Soil Assessment of Selected Floodplain Soil in Nigeria to Support Agriculture Advancement. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 11(2): 1-12, 2016; Article no.IJPSS.25665 ISSN: 2320-7035
Kundiri, A.M; Jarvic, M.G; Bullock, P. (2007). Traditional soil and land appraisal on Fadama lands in North East Nigeria,
Mustapha, S; Udom, G.N (2005). Capability and Suitability Evaluations of Fadama Soils for selected Crops in the Nigerian Sudan Savanna. Global Journal of Agricultural sciences Vol. 4 No. Publisher ; Bachudo Science Co. Ltd.
Nafiâ€™u. A.K; Abiodun, N.A; Okpara, I.M; Chude, V.O. (2012) Soil Fertility Evaluation: a Potential tool for Predicting Fertility Requirement for Crops in Nigeria. African Journal of Agriculture Research Vol. 7(47), pp, 6204 â€“ 6214. 13 December, 2012. Available on line at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR Doi: 10.5997/AJAR122010 ISSN1991-1637
Ogbena, V.I; Balogun, A.M; Idris, M. (2016) Assessment of zinc and copper status of Fadama soils in Brogu local government Area Niger State. International Journal of Environment and Agricultural Research (IJOEAR). ISSN, (2454 - 1850) Vol â€“ 2
Raji, B.A; Malagwi, W.B; Berding, F.R; Chude, V.O (2011). Intergrating Indigenous Knowledge and Soil Science Approaches to Detailed Soil Survey in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 2(3).pp â€“ 66 â€“ 73, http://www.academicjournals.org/JSSEM/ISSN 2141 - 2391
Shafiu, M. (2007). Physico â€“ Chemical Properties and Fertility Status of some Haplic Plinthaquuits in Bauchi Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Soil Science 2:314 â€“ 319, Doi: 10.3923 IJSS 2007, 314 â€“ 319.
Ugwumba COA and Okechukwu EO (2014). The Performance Of Fadama III User Groups Crop Farmers At Mid-Term In Southeast Nigeria. Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. Sch J Agric Vet Sci 2014; 1(2):75-82. e-ISSN 2348â€“1854
Ukoje, J.A. and Yusuf, R.O. (2013). Organic Fertilizer: the Underestimated Component in Agricultural Transformation Initiatives for Sustainable Small Holder Farming in Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management Vol. 6 Supplement 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v6i6.10S
Umar, S; Abdulhamid, N.A; voncir, N. (2011). Status and Distribution of Some Available Micronutrients in the Haplic Usterts of Akko Local Government Area, Gombe state, Nigeria. International Journal of Soil Sciences.
Usman, S and Kundiri, A.M. (2016). Values of Organic Materials as Fertilizers to Northern Nigerian Crop Production Systems. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management. Vol. 7(12), pp. 204-211 December 2016 DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM2015.0532 Articles Number: 14850D861737 ISSN 2141-2391
Yusuf, A. M. and Tukur, A. I. (2013). Nutrient Availability of Organic Manure for Arable Crop Cultivation in the Kano Close Settled â€“ Zone Kano State, Nigeria. International Journal for Agricultural Innovative and Research. Yusuf et al. / IJAIR Vol. 2 Issue 7 ISSN: 2278-7844
FUDMA Journal of Sciences