PREVALENCE OF URINAR SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PUPILS ATTENDING ANGWAN LAMBU PRIMARY SCHOOL, KEFFI, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA

  • Mairiga Abdullahi Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
  • M. A. Ramatu
Keywords: Prevalence, schistosomiasis, sedimentation, transmission, praziquantel, school

Abstract

This research aims to investigate the prevalence of urinary tract schistosomiasis among pupils of Angwan Lambu Primary School in Keffi Local Government Area of Nasarawa State conducted from June to September 2021. One hundred and fifty (150) urine samples were collected from the pupils and brought to the laboratory for parasitological examination of schistosome eggs using sedimentation method. The overall prevalence of schistosomiasis was 23(15.33%). The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis was significantly higher (P > 0.05) in male 15(10%) than the female 8(5%). There was no significant association (P > 0.05) in the prevalence of urinary infection between genders and age.  The results of the study showed highest prevalence in age group 7-9 (6%) followed by age group 10-12 (5%) while the lowest prevalence was observed among age group 4-6 (2%) which revealed the prevalence of S. haematobium in the study area. Therefore, periodic chemotherapy of the affected populations with praziquantel, improved health education, provision of portable water, adequate sanitation and control of fresh water snails will reduce the risk of morbidity and disease transmission in the area

References

Abebe N, Erko B, Medhin G, Berhe N (2014). Clinico-epidemiological study of schistosomiasis mansoni in Waja-Timuga, District of Alamata, northern Ethiopia. Parasites and Vectors 7: 158.

Appleton C.C, Naidoo I (2012). Why did schistosomiasis disappear from the southern part of the Eastern Cape? S. Afr. J. Sci. 108, 1–11. [CrossRef].

CDC (2011). The burden of schistosomiasis. Global Health-Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria.
Cheesbrough M (2005). District Laboratories Practice in Tropical Countries. Part-2, Cambridge University Press. pp 236-240.

Chidi GO, Anosike JC, Iwuala MOE (2006).Prevalence and distribution of urinary schistosomiasis in Ohaji/Egbema local government area of Imo State, Nigeria. Journal of American Science 2: 45-48.

Ekejindu IM, Ekejindu GOC. and Andy A (2002). Scistosoma heamatobium infection and nutritional status of residents in Azi-anam, a riverine area of Anambra State, South-Eastern Nigeria.Nigerian Journal of Parasitology 23: 133-138.

Ekpo UF, Laja-Deile A, Oluwole AS, Sam-Wobo SO, Mafiana CF (2010). Urinary schistosomiasis among preschool children in a rural community near Abeokuta, Nigeria. Parasit Vectors 3: 58.

Imran E, Makanga B, Nachuha S, Mpezamihigo M (2014). Prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis in adjacent human communities along the River Kochi, West Nile Region of Uganda. International Journal of Tropical Disease and Health 4: 729-739

McManus DP, Dunne DW. Sacko M, Utzinger J, Vennervald BJ, Zhou XN (2018). Schistosomiasis. Nat. Rev. Dis. Primers, 4, 13. [CrossRef] [PubMed].

National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) (2014). Schistosomiasis.

Nkegbe E (2010). Sex prevalence of schistosomiasis among school children in five communities in the lower river Volta Basin of south eastern Ghana. Afr J Biomed Res 13: 87-88.

Okoli C, Iwuala M (2015).The prevalence, intensity and clinical signs of urinary schistosomiasis in Imo state, Nigeria. J. Helminthol., 78, 337–342. [CrossRef].

Singh K, Muddasiru D (2014). Epidemiology of schistosomiasis in school aged children in some riverine areas of Sokoto, Nigeria. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 6: 197-201.

Statistical Analysis System (SAS). 2011. SAS/STAT® Users’s Guide: 9.3 (ed.). SAS Institute Cary, North Carolina, USA.

Stephenson L (1993). The impact of schistosomiasis on human nutrition. Parasitology 107: S107-S123.

Ugbomoiko US, Ofoezie IE, Okoye IC. and Heukelbach J (2010). Factors associated with urinary schistosomiasis in two periurban communities in south–western Nigeria. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology 104(5): 409-419.

World Health Organization (2002). Prevention and control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis. WHO Technical Report Series, Geneva, 1-4.

World Health Organization (2018).Available online: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/schistosomiasis (accessed on 1 March 2019).

World Health Organization (2020). Current Estimated Total Number of Individuals with Morbidity and Mortality due to Schistosomiasis Haematobium and S. Mansoni infection in Sub-Saharan Africa. Schistosomiasis; Epidemiological situation; World Health Organisation: Pretoria, South Africa.
Published
2023-01-01
How to Cite
AbdullahiM., & RamatuM. A. (2023). PREVALENCE OF URINAR SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PUPILS ATTENDING ANGWAN LAMBU PRIMARY SCHOOL, KEFFI, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA. FUDMA JOURNAL OF SCIENCES, 6(6), 146 - 149. https://doi.org/10.33003/fjs-2022-0606-1134