• Magaji B. Lawi
  • Olawamiwa Reuben ADENIYI (a) College of Agriculture Engineering and Science (COAES), Bowen University Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria.
  • Raphael OMOLEHIN (b) Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University of Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria.
Keywords: Non-farm; Livelihood Diversification; Sub-Saharan Africa; Structural Transformation


In the past, rural households’ were generally regarded as farmers, foresters or fisher-folk that participate only marginally in non-farm activities, except when they migrate out of rural areas. Nevertheless, despite the common generalization of the rural populace, especially in the developing world, as subsistence farmers, in certain cases a substantial portion of the income that accrue to rural households’ emanates from the rural non-farm sector. Hence, while agriculture has traditionally played a key role in the economy of developing countries, of late an increasing participation of farm households in the non-farm sector has been reported. Accordingly, one phenomenon that is gaining traction in the rural development parlance is the promotion of, and support for, non-farm livelihood diversification. A pertinent question to ask is whether this rising interest in the rural non-farm sector suggests that structural transformation away from agriculture has been taking place in Sub-Saharan Africa?


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